Children's health

Ear diseases in children – otitis ear

Most of the problems with his ears due to infections of the outer or middle ear. In some cases, apparent pain in the ear may be associated with pain in the throat, in the nose and throat, etc., because all of the nerves in the face are very close to each other. The most common cause of pain in the ear, especially in children, is an infection of the middle ear or otitis media. Middle ear infections occur when bacteria penetrate through Evstafiev tubes into the middle ear. Children are more prone to ear infections, because their Eustachian tubes are still growing and therefore unable to excrete the excess fluid. Because of this, the ear becomes vulnerable to infections.

There is a form of otitis media, which stands in the middle ear fluid. Usually it does not cause anxiety and exits itself. However, there are cases where the fluid remains and need medical intervention.

Middle ear infections often cause severe throbbing pain, ringing in the ears, temporary partial hearing loss, fever, in some cases bleeding from the ear, indicating that the damage to the eardrum. Young children also frequent ear infections because of what they have to cry at night, cry, pull yourself by the ear or RUB it.

Infection of the outer ear (otitis externa) is an inflammation of the ear canal, which leads from the outer ear to the eardrum. The inflammation is usually caused by a fungal or bacterial infection, which often penetrates because of damage to the skin (e.g., when cleaning the ears and remove ear wax). Otitis externa is sometimes called “swimmer’s ear” because it often arises from the fact that in the ear canal of water left. This disease can also be associated with allergies to perfumes or hair sprays. This condition is painful, but usually not too serious. Otitis externa often goes away fairly quickly. Infection of the external ear is often manifested in the form of redness and swelling of the outer ear, sometimes with a yellowish or clear discharge, accompanied by itching, sharp or aching pain, especially when chewing, and partial hearing loss, which is associated with pus, which blocks the ear canal.Causes of hearing loss

Another problem with the ears is deafness. Deafness is a violation of the ability to hear all or some of the sounds. Deafness may develop gradually over months and years, but can also occur suddenly over a few hours or days. Congenital deafness inhibits the child’s ability to read, write and speak. There are two main types of deafness. The first is that sound waves are incorrectly translated inner ear. Hearing is difficult because of the abundance of earwax in the ear canal or due to malposition of the bones in the middle ear. When sound reaches the inner ear, but disorders in the nervous system is not allow well to distinguish them.

Causes of hearing loss:

– the fact that the mother during pregnancy had rubella, measles or mumps;
– heredity;
– disorders of the thyroid gland;
– Meniere’s disease, common among the elderly, when the deafness is accompanied by tinnitus and dizziness;
– congenital disorders of the inner ear.

Symptoms of otitis and ear disease:

– pain and itching in the outer ear
– hearing loss
– discharge of fluid from the ear
– pain in the ears
– redness and swelling of the external ear
– body temperature above 38.3 degrees Celsius.

Complications of otitis

If untreated, infection of the middle ear can result in:
– deafness
– acute mastoiditis (inflammation of the mastoid process of the temporal bone)
– meningitis (inflammation of the brain).

Self treatment of otitis media
Call your doctor if you see any symptoms.

Clinical treatment of otitis media
The physician should make a diagnosis and prescribe appropriate treatment. In some cases, you may need further study (particularly hearing). When otitis doctor may prescribe antibiotics to be taken orally. Ear drops are also better to apply only on doctor’s advice, especially in young children.

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