Alcohol is a frequent guest at festivals, a loyal friend during my depression, simple and affordable provider of fun and good mood. We used to think of alcohol as something harmless that influence, perhaps, on the condition of the body following the post-holiday morning. But in fact, this insidious imaginary “friend” leaves a much deeper marks on our body. And often, these scars remain with us until the end of life, causing severe, sometimes untreatable disorders and diseases.
Effects of alcohol on the human body
Ethanol, ethyl alcohol is the same alcohol: the so-called potent substance contained any amount of alcohol. Drunk a glass of vodka or a glass of wine absorbed by the body almost instantly: ethanol does not require traditional processing of gastric juice as needed for digestion, it enters the blood and, therefore, the most important organs within a minute after consumption.
Once in the stomach, the alcohol immediately begins to be absorbed into the blood without preliminary treatment and preparation. In the blood it meets the “guardian” of our body – the enzyme alcoholdehydrogenase, he takes the first blow alcohol, and bravely destroys (breaks down by oxidation), about a fifth of the ethanol. By the way, the female body has a lower concentration of this enzyme helper, which is why ladies, drunk alcohol, drunk faster and stronger than the stronger sex. This factor provokes a more rapid habituation of the female body to regular alcohol consumption and contributes to the rapid emergence of a powerful addiction – alcoholism.
The absorption of alcohol in the stomach is not too intense, a much higher rate of absorption of alcohol is celebrated, when it enters into the small intestine. This explains the fact that the person is drunk, for example, a glass of vodka, drunk not immediately, but after a short time. Alcohol permeates almost all water space of the body is about 60% of body weight.
The phase of elimination of ethyl alcohol lasts much longer phase of its absorption. From 2 to 10% of alcohol is released in pure form from breath, sweat, urine, saliva and feces, which explains “heavy Ghost” – fume breath odor drunk, and all the others produced by the body substances. The rest of the amount of alcohol oxidized and excreted from the body within a few days.
Effect of alcohol on internal organs
The most difficult and one of the most important organs – the brain greatly suffers from excessive libations. Drinking alcohol, we are, in the literal sense of the word, get hit on the head: you experience persistent mental illness, there is partial loss of memory, patients with alcoholism suffer from manifestation of unmotivated anxiety. Severe alcoholic disease is considered an alcoholic encephalopathy is a complex psychosis, including multiple somatic and neurological disorders. In order to receive a gift bottle of liquor to the psychosis, enough men for 5 years regularly drink alcohol, for women this period is reduced to 3 years.
- motor stimulation: the patient performs repetitive, often rhythmic action;
- short-term paralysis, during which all the muscles of the body are severely strained;
- slurred speech;
- inability to engage in dialogue with the patient.
Rapidly progressive disease may provoke a coma. Its consequences can be fatal. Such patients rarely return to normal life.
Effect of alcohol on the liver
Depending on the duration of alcohol consumption there are three degrees of liver damage:
- Alcoholic fatty degeneration – the initial degeneration of cells of healthy tissue of the liver characterized by malaise, weakness, feeling of heaviness and pain in region of liver, worse in the process of alcohol intake;
- Alcoholic hepatitis – there is a stable and progressive form of the disease, symptoms can include enlargement of the liver, its tenderness, poor appetite, yellow whites of the eyes;
- Alcoholic cirrhosis is actually a lethal diagnosis, an alcoholic with this disease suffer from severe emaciation, weakness, apathy, nausea, vomiting, the patient’s liver very much enlarged and extremely painful.
If fatty degeneration of the liver leaves the chance for cure stop drinking alcohol, the patient can fully recover from the effects of alcoholism, it is already the second stage – hepatitis, causing irreparable harm to the body, many disorders remain even after the complete rejection of alcohol. The third stage is characterized by high mortality, patients with cirrhosis have virtually no chance of recovery, this stage means the complete conquest of the alcohol of the body without the right to surrender.
Alcohol and cardiovascular system
Alcohol can cause:
Effect of alcohol on human organs
Lungs – a high probability of pulmonary infections and inflammatory processes.
Stomach is the first internal organ in which the alcohol penetrates. The stomach of the alcoholic prone to gastritis, ulcers and, as a consequence, cancer.
Pancreas is very sensitive to toxins, alcohol, acute alcohol poisoning can cause inflammation of the pancreas. Symptoms – severe nausea and vomiting can lead to very sad consequences, is a direct threat to life.
Kidney – the destruction of the tissues provokes an inflammatory kidney disease, often receiving chronic forms.
Skin. Alcohol is always accompanied by severe dehydration. From this hardest-hit skin of an alcoholic and the lack of water makes it flabby, prone to inflammation, the skin appear red spots, greatly accelerating the process of aging of the skin.
It is hoped that this list will be a lesson for those who prefer the fleeting euphoria of alcohol and a healthy lifestyle. This is another reason to think about what the consequences of a feast much more than one “bad” morning after drinking.