Pinworms are small, very thin white worms up to 13 mm, parasitic in the intestine and the anus. They look like short strands of white cotton. Although people can get them at any age, the main risk group are children. Enterobiasis is quite widespread throughout the world.
Causes of enterobiasis
Pinworms form an enormous number of microscopic eggs that may be present in the dust on the clothes, carpets and bed linen. They can also be transmitted through contact with an infected person. Pinworm eggs are extremely easy to enter your mouth, because pinworms form them in large quantities, and they are very small in size.
Once the eggs are swallowed, they enter the small intestine, Mature and open out the worms. In a few weeks (usually about a month) these worms begin to multiply and grow. When they reach the adult stage, at night, the females come to the surface of the skin in the anus and lay eggs. At this time begin to develop the symptoms of enterobiasis, including the classic symptom is itching in the anus area. Worms can be detected in the stool of the patient and around the anus, especially at night.
Symptoms of pinworms
In some children the symptoms do not manifest. In other cases, it may have the following symptoms:
– restless sleep;
– itching in the anus (the child all the time will try to scratch);
– teeth grinding;
– scratching the nose;
– loss of appetite;
Overall, pinworms are quite harmless and do not cause severe damage to the body. However, the itch will prevent the child to sleep, he dont get enough sleep, and scratching the anal area only exacerbates the infection and facilitates re-infection. Themselves pinworms can’t just disappear, and immunity to them is also not produced, respectively, to completely get rid of them, you need to treat.
Treatment of enterobiasis (pinworms)
If you suspect that your child is infected with pinworms, you should take him to the doctor who will do the appropriate tests to make a diagnosis and determine the type of worm that caused the disease.
Fortunately, treatment for pinworm is quite simple. Usually lasts 1-2 doses of the drug to kill the infection (first take first dose and the second, if necessary, in two weeks).
There are many drugs effective when enterobioze. Some drugs are contraindicated for pregnant women and children up to 12-24 months. Your doctor will advise you on the most appropriate treatment.
For relief of itching in the anal area you can use zinc and mild antiseptic creams.
If one sick family members, doctors recommend every family member to get treatment, even if symptoms are not present. This is because worms spread very easily and often occur reinfection.
Even if the child has recovered recently, it may be reinfection, because pinworms lay eggs around the anus, and this causes the patient to scratch irritated place. As a result, if the child doesn’t wash their hands after using the toilet, he can again get infected with pinworm eggs (they are stuck under the nails and on the skin surface). Next, they re-penetrate the intestine, one will pinworms and will give a new generation of worms, thus restarting the cycle.
Prevention of enterobiasis
To prevent reinfection, you must ensure that the nails of the child were cropped hair, he carefully washed his hands after using the toilet and before eating. To the child should sleep in his underwear. You should change the bed linen and towels as often as possible and during the week after treatment, disinfect toilet seat.