Most people sweat during exercise and physical work. This is normal and even necessary. The secretion of sweat protects the body from overheating. The secretion of sweat and sebum in the armpits provides hands sliding on the body when walking.
How does sweating
The sweating mechanism is simple: in the sweat gland gets nervous impulse forcing its ducts to contract and throw away the sweat.
Sweating is considered high if:
- Occurs, the wet clothes, there is a need to change
- there is an unpleasant odor of the body and legs
- this bothers You, you seek to avoid close contact (hugging, shaking hands), limit physical activity to avoid sweating.
Causes excessive sweating
Sweating resulting from the increased sweat gland activity. There are 2 types of hyperhidrosis:
- Secondary. It is caused by some other disease, such as hyperthyroidism, diabetes, or infection. Sweating can be a side effect of taking some medicines. While sweating all over the body, including the chest and back. Sometimes people sweat even in his sleep.
- Primary. is Not a consequence of the disease. Doctors do not know his true reasons, but there is a trend to transfer it by inheritance. With the increased separation of this type are sweating only specific parts of the body (palms, soles of the feet, armpits and face).
Diseases that cause excessive sweating
- thyroid Disease (e.g., hyperthyroidism)
- diseases accompanied by fever, for example, infectious diseases, etc.
Which doctor to consult for sweating
When sweating, it should be checked out by doctors:
- General practitioner (GP)
Treatment of hyperhidrosis
Powerful antiperspirants. These funds are designated for in the first place. They contain 20-25% aluminum chloride. This is much more than in conventional antiperspirants containing only 1-2% of the active substance. Antiperspirant can be treated palms, soles and armpits. They’re easy to use, however, possible skin irritation.
Iontophoresis. The sweating stops under the action of a weak electric current. The most effective for sweating of the feet and hands. Course of treatment: 3-4 times a week for 2-3 weeks. Contraindication is the presence of a pacemaker.
botulinum toxin Injections (Botox). Botulinum toxin does not penetrate the nerve impulse to the sweat gland, its reduction and release of sweat occurs. Effectively suspends the work of sweat glands. Duration – 5-6 months. Injections are expensive and painful, but the majority remains very happy with the result. There is information about the harmful effect of botulinum toxin on the body, so this method of reducing excessive sweating is subject to the assessment of harm/benefit to the patient.
Anticholinergic. Block the production of substances responsible for the secretion of sweat. Effective in treating sweating of the whole body. Can cause dry mouth, blurred vision and constipation; there are contraindications to the use.
Another group of drugs for the treatment of hyperhidrosis – beta-blockers.
Surgery. Surgery is used very rarely – only when the sweating is very high and other means do not help.