Fibroma of the Skin – a benign tumor of the skin, composed of Mature elements of connective tissue (fibroblasts and connective tissue fibers) and is located beneath the epidermis (outer layer of human skin presented stratified epithelium) in the thickness of the dermis (connective skin located below the epidermis).
Causes of Fibroma of the Skin
Causes of fibroids of the skin is not clearly established but it is believed that a major role in their development played by hereditary factors. In addition, the likelihood of fibroids increases with age.
Symptoms of Fibroma of the Skin
Fibroma of the skin is a usually single, clearly demarcated the seal or the node size to several centimeters in diameter. Fibroma, usually covered with unmodified or slightly pigmented skin. In cases of large tumors of the skin color above the fibroid may become reddish-bluish. This tumor can sometimes be soft and pliable (rare soft fibroma) or dense consistency (dermatofibroma, or solid fibroma of the skin). In some cases, the tumor has the appearance of a round or oval formation, located on the leg or on the narrow basis (fibroid on a stalk). Location fibroids can be quite varied.
Identify the following types of fibromas of the skin:
Hard fibroma of the skin or dermatofibroma, typically located on a broad basis, but sometimes a leg. The dermatofibroma to the touch dense, partially movable, painless. This tumor may be domed to rise above the skin or have a depressed shape. Characteristic of dermatofibroma is pathognomonic “symptom dimples”, which is that when compression of the tumor between the thumb and forefinger fibroma plunges deep into the skin, leaving a depression. Solid fibroma can appear not only on the skin, but also on the mucous membranes. Dermatofibroma with the same frequency are found both in men and women. Solid fibromas are usually single, but in some patients the number may reach several tens.
Soft fibroma of the skin in appearance like a wrinkled pouch on the leg of a small size not exceeding the size of a cherry pit. Has normal skin color or various shades of brown. Generally, this type of fibroids develop in women of Mature age and obese people. Typical for this neoplasm places are the armpits, skin folds under the Breasts and the Breasts themselves, as well as the eyelids, groin folds and the anterior surface of the neck. With age, the number of soft fibromas of the skin increases.
Complications of Fibroma
Fibroids can be traumatized by clothing or shaving blade, perhaps their spontaneous twisting, resulting in poor blood supply to the tissue of the fibroid. In this case, there are pain, swelling, necrosis (necrosis), as well as the possible accession of secondary infection.
Examination and laboratory diagnosis of fibroma of the skin
For a definitive diagnosis of the disease is necessary to obtain the results of histological examination of the tumor removed during surgery, which allows to ofdifferential the fibroid from atheroma, lipoma and hygroma.
Treatment of Fibromas
Treatment of skin fibroma surgery alone. It is used only when it causes a significant cosmetic defect or is subject to regular trauma, for example, blade shaving, friction belt, a strap of clothing at the location of the relevant anatomical areas, which in some cases can lead to the adverse development of this tumor, as well as the resumption of growth.
Surgical removal of fibroma skin infiltrational is performed under local anesthesia, usually in a clinic. Holding this surgery is possible in several ways: traditional conventional surgical excision with a scalpel, by laser, radiowave or electrocoagulation. The most modern and preferred methods now are laser and radio wave removal of the fibroid, as they give the opportunity to perform this surgery is almost bloodless, which is achieved by simultaneously sealing small blood vessels on the cut. In addition, there is sterilization of the surgical wound by using a laser beam or a radio wave, the wound surface is covered with a delicate film of fibrin which protects the wound from infection and prevents development of inflammatory complications. This ensures fast and optimal postoperative wound healing, and in the case of small fibromas of the skin is possible, with no visible signs of the surgery. This procedure takes 15-20 minutes. Minor trauma of the surgery allows the patient to quickly return to normal life.
The Effectiveness of Treatment of Fibromas of the Skin
With proper and timely treatment, the prognosis is usually favorable. In 95% of cases there is a complete cure of the tumor. After laser and radiowave removal of fibroma of skin recurrences of the tumor, as a rule, does not arise.
Malignancy (transition in malignant tumors) for fibroids are not typical.