Dermatology - diseases of the skin

Flaking and Dryness of the Skin

Dry skin, known as medical skin dryness or xeroderma pigmentosum, is usually caused by environmental factors, although dry skin can also lead to some of the most common diseases of the skin. An inherited skin disease known as ichthyosis, although very rare, can also cause peeling and dryness of the skin. Even systemic conditions (conditions that affect the whole body) can lead to dry skin. One example is hypothyroidism, which reduces the activity of the glands that produce skin oil. Certain medications including retinoids to the skin, as well as some antihistamines and diuretics, can cause dry skin as a side effect.

Dry skin can be associated with symptoms including peeling, itching, lethargy, redness, pain, and cracked skin.

Dry skin is treated with moisturizing creams and lotions. If inflammatory condition of the skin associated with dry skin, treatment directed at the underlying disease.

Disease in which there is dryness of the skin

Atopic dermatitis
Dandruff (seborrhea)
• Dehydration
• Diabetes
• Hypothyroidism (especially when hypothyroidism flaky skin on the elbows)
• Versicolor hair, the hair keratosis
Sunburn (sun poisoning)

Possible causes of dry skin

• Aging
• Bathing in hot water
• Contact dermatitis
• Frequent washing
• Severe skin scrubber
• Harsh Soaps and personal hygiene
• Major chlorinated pools and hot tubs
• Ichthyosis vulgaris
• Low humidity
• Malnutrition
• Medication Side effects
• Neurodermatitis (lichen Simplex Chronicus)
• Vitamin a deficiency
• Weather and seasonal factors (the skin is usually dry in winter conditions)

Peeling – excess dead cells of the epidermis, which arise as a result of violation of processes of keratinization and rejection.

Peeling of the skin occurs in the following diseases:

  • Peeling of the skinVersicolor from pityriasis up to the plate
  • Dry cracked erythema (erythema craquele)
  • dominant Ichthyosis (flakes in the shape of a quadrilateral)(a hereditary disease, is manifested by flaking and dryness of the skin)
  • Ichthyosis X – linked (flakes in the shape of a quadrilateral)
  • lupus erythematosus (scales in the form of pins)( systemic disease, i.e. not only skin for existence, but also the defeat of the internal organs)
  • pityriasis rosea (scales in the form of a collar)
  • Psoriasis (silvery scaling)
  • Scarlet fever(small Shelah solution on the trunk)(infectious disease)
  • Seborrheic dermatitis
  • Syphilis (secondary)
  • Fungal infection (dermatophyte)
  • Pityriasis versicolor (=colored; fungal disease)
  • Xerosis (dry skin)
  • Scarlet fever (hands and feet)(infectious disease)

What doctor to contact in case of dryness and peeling of the skin:

  • dermatologist
  • the allergist(for allergic diseases)
  • the surgeon ( purulent carbuncle, furuncle, etc., especially when multiple items or large)
  • infectious disease(infectious diseases)
  • neurologist( with herpes zoster because of the involved nervous system)
  • oncologist( cancer)

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