Influenza is one of the most common virus that is easily transmitted household (across subjects) and airborne droplets (sneezing, coughing). The unpredictability of the disease caused by transmission of virus from a sick person to a child even before the first symptoms at first. After the appearance of symptoms of the flu this man is a distributor of a virus is 7 days. Treatment of influenza in children has its own rules, which help the body to fight the virus with the least problems.
Flu Symptoms in a child
The Incubation period may vary from 12 hours to 5 days. The average period of 1-2 days. Flu symptoms are characterized by high speed of its rise and occur on average within 5 days. The main ones are:
- The desire of the child to lean against the mother.
- Passive behavior, weakness, fatigue, increased desire to sleep.
- The chills.
- Muscle aches.
- Temperature for 5 days to 40.
- Headache in a child (temples, eyes, forehead).
- Nasal congestion.
- The problematic status of the throat and lungs.
- Diarrhea, nausea and vomiting (in rare cases).
Treatment of influenza in a child
Flu treatment includes a combination of measures.
Diet: light meals in small portions.
Do not force the child to eat! The disease reduces the secretion of digestive juice, altered bowel movements, reduced appetite.
Abundant drinking regime with the inclusion of berry fruit and berry compote.
The reception of antipyretic – optimally at a temperature of 38-38,5 OS. In rare cases, especially if you feel unwell child can begin to give an antipyretic with 37.5°C. Antipyretic should designate a pediatrician.
Receiving antiviral (influenza) funds by a doctor in the early stages of the disease.
Antibiotics – in exceptional cases, when there is a suspected complication of influenza bacterial infection. The complication can be expressed as sinusitis, otitis media, or bronchitis, etc.
You should not wrap up the child in a more warm clothes in warm ambient conditions. When child with a high temperature there is a risk to break the heat that would worsen his condition. You should opt for light, loose pajamas made of natural fabrics.
Ventilate the nursery. So quickly neutralized the virus will reduce the runny nose has a sick child and will be easier to breath. Front ventilated is to transfer the child to another room. Before returning the child to the bathroom close the window, give the air a bit to warm up.
To allow the child easy physical exercise is not to forcibly keep in bed. Light activity will increase the respiratory, excretory systems. This will contribute to a more positive mood of the child.
Every night to bathe the baby shower for rinsing selected from diseases of toxins. It is important to warn the child from hypothermia after a shower.
Moved flu causes in the child’s body strong immunity to the same virus. But mutating, a new strain of influenza will be for the body is not recognizable hazards.
Complications of influenza in child
The flu is much more dangerous with its complications, than by the disease. This is particularly the case of non-compliance with bed rest and incorrect treatment. The most serious doctors call these complications of influenza:
- glomerulonephritis (inflammation of the kidneys);
- meningoencephalitis (inflammation of the meninges);
- myocarditis (inflammation of heart muscle).
So no reason to treat the flu and to fear its complications, possible flu shot for your child. Best time to make such vaccinated 30 days prior to the active spread of colds among the population.