Menstrual cycle Women's health

Headache during menstruation

Every woman is familiar with those few days of constant discomfort, from which there is no escape. Those ladies, they are accompanied by painful sensations in the abdomen, aching joints, rashes on the face and mood swings. But some of the ladies in addition to the above symptoms, will suffer from headaches. What is the cause of this injustice? Why headache before and during menstruation?

Symptoms headaches during menstruation

About 60 % of all women can “boast” regular headaches before menstruation. Here is a case in premenstrual syndrome (PMS). It manifests itself within 7-14 days prior to menstruation and may end with their arrival, and stretch the entire menstrual period. To realize that headaches caused the imminent beginning of the cycle, it is possible on such signs:

  • pulsating character of pain;
  • high intensity;
  • the pain experienced in the eyes.

As related symptoms identified:

  • moodiness;
  • sensitivity to light;
  • changes in blood pressure;
  • soreness in chest;
  • dizziness, nausea, vomiting;
  • excessive sweating of the hands;
  • changes in appetite and taste preferences;
  • indigestion
  • heartache
  • constant fatigue
  • feelings of guilt, hopelessness and sorrow;
  • swelling of extremities and face.

The occurrence of ICP is not related to the level of stability of the nervous system. Still research is being conducted to determine the cause of such changes in the female body during the premenstrual period.

Headaches before menstruation: causes

Violation of water-salt balance

Before menstruation in a woman’s body increases the level of estrogen, causing fluid remains in the body. As a result – swelling of the limbs, joints, and tissues of the brain. In the case of edema of the hypothalamic region of the brain manifest aching, and pressing headaches that are localized in parietal and occipital region.

Hormonal “games”

With the onset of ovulation in the blood, a sudden increase in the level of pregnancy hormone – progesterone, which prepares the body for childbearing. If fertilization has not occurred, menstruation, and the level of sex hormones decreases. Because of these differences some of the women and feels headaches.


Some women pay attention to the fact that headaches that occur without connection with menstruation, PMS become more frequent and intense. One of the reasons for this phenomenon turns out to be a migraine. It can be identified by the following signs:

  • Attack lasts from 4 hours to several days.
  • Headache very strong, is of a pulsating character.
  • Painful sensations occur only in the left or only the right side of the head.
  • Nausea, vomiting less.
  • Intolerance to strong odors, noise, bright lights.

Migraines require special treatment. Therefore, it is necessary to contact a neurologist for advice.

Why headache during menstruation

In addition to the above reasons, are necessarily and at the period of menstruation, headaches can also be triggered by the following factors.

Receive contraceptives during menstruation

Headaches before menstruation: causesStudies have shown that women taking hormonal contraceptives, tends to suffer from severe headaches during menstruation. The fact that the use of pills, designed to prevent unwanted pregnancies, leading to a surge in the level of estrogen in the body. With the onset of menstruation the amount of this hormone decreases dramatically. Such a “splash” and provokes headaches.

But the body gets used to everything. It is noticed that prolonged use of hormonal contraceptives leads to a decrease in the frequency and intensity of headaches.

Emotional instability

During menstruation, women tend to experience irritation, a nagging sense of guilt, sometimes even despair. Such experiences and provoke headaches. When the month is over, ladies are surprised to find that life isn’t so bad. And headaches as usual.

How to treat headaches during menstruation

Discomfort associated with menstruation, is not a reason to throw a few days of his life. There are simple ways to relieve headache.

Medications to relieve headaches during menstruation

Easier just to take the pill and forget about the pain. Doctors recommend to stop the choice on non-steroidal drugs, among which:

Anti-migraine well help triptans: for example, “Sumatriptan” and “Zolmitriptan”. Any medicine you should take, consult a doctor.

Essential oils

Very well cope with a headache lavender oil. You need to add a few drops to a bowl of hot water. Then cover your head with a towel and lean towards the surface of the water, inhaling vapors of lavender.

Alternatively, one can RUB whiskey a few minutes, using oil. During this “procedure” is important deep and regular breathing. Besides lavender, you can also use oil of peppermint, sandalwood, rosemary or eucalyptus.

Cold Therapy

Enough to make your forehead cold hot water bottle and hold it for 15-20 minutes. This will relieve the inflammation and get rid of headaches.

Diet during menstruation

The products used for food, have a direct impact on the female body, especially during menstruation. Therefore, at the time it is better to eliminate from your menu:

  • condiments, bouillon cubes
  • chicken liver
  • sausages
  • aged cheese
  • strong tea and coffee;
  • chocolate
  • milk;
  • beef
  • pork
  • sour cream.

Headaches can be eaten in limited quantities the following products:

  • corn
  • potatoes
  • white bread
  • semolina
  • pasta.

In the diet during menstruation should include:

  • sesame seeds
  • walnuts
  • low-fat poultry;
  • fresh vegetables (carrots, broccoli, turnip, pumpkin, beets, cauliflower, spinach)
  • unrefined vegetable oils;
  • buckwheat, oat and wheat cereal
  • black or grey bread.

Such a diet not difficult to comply with. And the body will say “thank you” for the lack of headache.

Prevention of headaches

There are rules to follow that will help completely get rid of the problems headaches during menstruation. What must you do?

  • to Observe the regime of work and rest.
  • to give up bad habits (alcohol, coffee, Smoking).
  • eat Right.
  • to Ventilate the room before bedtime.
  • sleep at least 7 hours.
  • a Daily walk in the fresh air.
  • does Not run “non-serious” illness (even the common cold should be treated).
  • to Care for emotional health (avoiding stress, excessive emotions).
  • to Take vitamin-mineral complexes.
  • to exercise (at least to do exercises every morning).

Many women wondered why headache before menstruation and during them. But the characteristics of female physiology as well as acquired habits do not give the body no chance to survive a menstrual cycle without losses. One solution in this case two. Or to perceive headache as a given, or change their way of life, namely: physical activity level, meal plan, daily routine. Be healthy!

Leave a Comment