Vascular anomaly, which consists of elements of the blood vessels, vstrechayushiesa approximately 10% of newborns. Most often it is detected immediately after birth or in the first months of life. As a rule, within six months hemangioma grows, becomes convex, then slowly begins to disappear, and in most cases completely disappears to five years, sometimes later. Premature infants hemangioma grows faster, as there is a compensatory tissue growth. Hemangioma requires supervision of a physician because there is a risk of its rebirth into a malignant tumor.
What’s the reason the appearance of hemangioma in a child?
The presumed cause of hemangiomas is transferred by the mother any disease at an early, 3-6 weeks of pregnancy, when forming the vascular system of the child.
Types of hemangiomas in children
Hemangioma in the newborn may be of the following type:
-simple hemangioma – is located on the surface of the skin;
-cavernous hemangioma – is located under the skin in the adipose tissue;
-mixed hemangioma – is located on the surface of the skin and subcutaneous tissues.
How can you distinguish a hemangioma from other the mole or birth spots?
Distinctive features of hemangiomas: a spot of bright red or bluish tinge, when pressed pale; convex, small size (80% of cases – from “point” to the size of a bean). To the touch hemangioma warmer than the surrounding skin, can be painful, if the tumor composed of nerve endings. Most often, the hemangioma is located in the area around the eyes, around the ears, around the mouth, around the joints, as well as the neck and the side surfaces of the body.
Do I Need to remove a hemangioma in a child?
This question you need to ask the pediatrician at the first consultation, the decision depends on individual characteristics. Sometimes hemangioma with age completely runs itself. If the hemangioma grows, becomes a defect, brings the child uncomfortable or violates the functions of the body, the doctor will suggest appropriate methods of dealing with it. The most radical method is the complete surgical removal of the hemangioma.
Non-Surgical methods of dealing with hemangiomas
The most common methods of removal of hemangiomas are cryotherapy, sclerosing therapy, laser therapy and hormonal therapy.
Cryotherapy (cauterization by liquid nitrogen) is the most common and proven way. Its disadvantages – the pain of the procedure and the inability to remove a hemangioma at one time. In some cases, on the site of the tumor may remain a scar.
Acupuncture therapy involves around hemangioma 70-degree alcohol, leading to death.
Modern method of removal of hemangiomas – laser therapy. The laser is painless, leaves no scars, but this method is not always effective.
To ensure also used hormones (steroids), in particular, prednisolone or cortisone.
To choose the most suitable method hemangioma in a child can only be a doctor.