Sweating (sweats, hyperactivity and overactive sweat glands, sweating) – in medicine this is all called a term hyperhidrosis.
Sweating is a natural physiological process involved in thermoregulation of the body. During exercise, the increase in the ambient temperature or while taking hot food sweating may increase. The process of sweating accelerates stress, anxiety and spicy dishes.
The excretion of sweat is a very important function of chelovecheckoe skin, thanks to her, if necessary, reduces the temperature of the body, are excreted toxic substances. Normal sweat is noticeable only with physical stress, increase the ambient temperature, sweating mostly feet, palms and underarms, as they are the highest density of sweat glands.
Causes of excessive sweating
In some people sweating is observed with a small increase in air temperature, and sometimes, on the contrary, when it is reduced, for nervous tension, while at high temperatures it is possible to sweat the “castle”. This condition is referred to as excessive sweating, and it can be as physiological feature of the body, and a consequence of any disease.
Diseases that lead to excessive sweating
Excessive sweating occurs when:
- functional disorders of the autonomic nervous system,
- neurasthenia, neuropathy,
- hyperthyroidism (increased thyroid function),
- dysfunction of the pancreas
- kidney diseases
- neurosyphilis (3-stage syphilis), AIDS, tuberculosis and other infections
- rickets (or just the lack of vitamin D, especially in children),
- chronic tonsillitis and other common diseases
- sweat glands hyperplasia,
Hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating) may be due to external factors (wearing rubber airtight shoes, stockings and socks of synthetic fibers, etc.), and poor diet.
The truth about hyperhidrosis (Excessive sweating)
Symptoms of excessive sweating
Sweating often occurs in limited areas of the body (sweating of the feet or hands, armpits, crotch). The skin was damp and cold to the touch, on the hands and feet are signs of acrocyanosis (bluish tint). Sweating is often accompanied pyococcus (bacteria) and yeast (fungal) skin lesions.
The pot itself has no smell, familiar to all unpleasant spirit give the bacteria feeding on then on the skin and breeding. This unpleasant odor observed in individuals ill observe the rules of personal hygiene, is called bromides or omeros. An unpleasant odor may occur due to the decomposition of sweat by bacteria, and then discharge with materials having a pronounced odor (sulfur, ammonia, garlic, tobacco, etc.), and in violation of the menstrual cycle in young women with diabetes, some dermatoses (pemphigus, vegetative syphilides). Often these conditions require medical consultation and treatment.
Chromites is manifested by staining the sweat of people who contact with cobalt, copper, iron and other chemicals.
People with hyperhidrosis are involved in a vicious circle – they sweat, worried about it and because of that I sweat even more.
Treatment for excessive sweating
Hyperhidrosis treatment should be aimed primarily at the elimination of the cause of excessive sweating. Must be thoroughly examined by a physician, specialist, neurologist, endocrinologist and in identifying the disease to start with his treatment.
If excessive sweating is caused by the characteristics of the organism, the essence of treatment is to block the activity of the sweat glands to reduce perspiration. The choice of treatment depends on many factors, including the General condition of the patient, his lifestyle and the area affected.
Topical treatment for excessive sweating
With a slight sweating, you can do a local treatment that involves the application of skin preparations containing:
- Salt of aluminum chloride is temporarily occlude sweat ducts. The efficiency depends on the concentration of the drug. It’s basically a gel and solid deodorants sweat. Used mainly at night. At the initial stage daily, and then the frequency of application is reduced to once in 2-3 weeks. Similar action have alunite, charmiga, aluminum-potassium alum.
- Aldehydes (formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde, methenamine) – inhibit the secretory function of the sweat glands. This scented talcum powder and solid deodorant sweat (baby powder Johnson and Johnson, Deodorant Lady Sleeps Stick Adidas. Due to the high irritating and allergenic actions are used only locally on problem areas.
- Denatured keratin, closes the ducts of the sweat glands. Is part of soap and powder.
Combined cosmetics (deodorants, gels, powders, creams) contain a range of substances preventing the unpleasant smell of sweat: drugs firm VICHY, Belordesign, Belita, Oriflame, Avon, Faberlic, which produce a special line of drugs for skin care.
Herbal medicine excessive sweating
Externally in the form of infusions used the following herbs:
- Peppermint – a soothing, relaxing effect.
- Walnut leaves – contains various fruit acids that act as a peeling.
- Sage – contains beneficial essential oils that will help to eliminate the unpleasant smell of sweat.
- Chamomile – relieves inflammation.
- The bark of birch and oak has a pronounced antibacterial and tanning properties.
- Nettle – contains the necessary vitamin and minerals for the skin.
- Irish moss – antimicrobial effect.
- Lemon – removes unpleasant smells, effective against fungi of the skin.
Infusions of these herbs should be rubbed into the skin up to 2 times per week, massage gently for about 30 minutes. At elevated sweating feet you can prepare a foot bath.
With highly excessive sweating recommended:
- Electrophoresis and iontophoresis – treatment by effects of current on ion channels of sweat glands.
- Subcutaneous injection of botulinum toxin inhibit release of acetylcholine at nerve endings, thus blocking their activity. In the problem area you do several injections, their number depends on the size of the plot. To avoid possible unpleasant or painful sensations anesthetic cream is used. The effect of treatment of hyperhidrosis with botulinum toxin injections appears after 2 to 6 days and lasts from 3 to 8 months.
Surgery for excessive sweating
Surgical methods guarantee a maximum result of getting rid of sweating, but they have more possible complications:
- The removal of the sweat glands in the armpits (sometimes happens with the skin removed). The effectiveness of this treatment to 90%. But there is a risk of complications associated with the formation of scar tissue, which leads to limitation of motion of the limb.
- Sympathectomy is a procedure involves the destruction of the sympathetic nerves responsible for excessive sweating.
- Liposuction is the removal of sweat glands in the deeper layers of subcutaneous adipose tissue using a special probe (cannula) through microscopic cuts on the skin surface.
Treatment of hyperhidrosis
Inside take vitamin complexes, sedatives (Valerian, Motherwort). Optionally, in the complex the doctor prescribes:
- Antibacterial ointments, lotions (baneuoqin, zinerita, Levomycetinum ointment, metronidazole)
- Antifungal ointments, gels (terbinafin, mycospor, Orungal, nizoral, lamisil)
- Oral antibiotics (usually broad-spectrum antibiotics).
- Anticholinergic drugs (atropine, bellaid). Treatment with these drugs are only used in severe cases because of the severity of side effects (dry mouth, dry eyes, mydriasis, urinary retention, bradycardia, sedation)
- Vitamins B,E,A.
- Calcium channel blockers (diltiazem).
- Psychotropic drugs (diazepam, xanax, amitriptilin).
Diet for excessive sweating
If you have a problem with overactive sweat glands need to reconsider your diet. You should not eat foods such as onions and garlic, fish, hot spices (chili pepper).
General recommendations for people with hyperhidrosis:
- Hygiene: frequent washing problem areas several times a day.
- Wearing clothing made from natural fibers of porous structure.
- Frequent change of clothes and shoes.
- Avoid drinking coffee, alcohol and spicy foods.
- To eliminate the causes of stress, tension and anxiety.
- Often ventilate the room in which you are.