The problem of insomnia is very common among children. One in four children of preschool age experiencing regular or periodic problems with sleep, and parents are forced to seek solutions to problems – experience chronic sleep deprivation. Insomnia in our time has become one of the most common problems, especially relevant to childhood.
What are the dangers of insomnia
At first glance it may seem that insomnia in children, no serious consequences, in addition to violating the regime of the day the whole family has. But in fact, insomnia may have a negative impact on the health of the child.
The fact is that while the baby sleeps, his body is most actively produced by the somatropin is the hormone responsible for the growth and development in childhood. Lack of sleep slows down the production of hormone, so the children who sleep poorly, grow slower, and often have problems with weight and even mental and physical development. So sleep in infancy is particularly important.
In addition, because of insomnia the nervous system fails to recover, as has to work. This slows down brain activity: the child thinks worse, belatedly responding to the changing environment and the questions addressed to him. He is able to perform simple, everyday actions “automatically”, but when you want to change the usual algorithm or to switch to another occupation, it causes a stupor. This state has a negative impact on your studies, socializing with friends and can even be dangerous.
If you suffer from long-lasting insomnia and well-being, and the psyche: the child becomes listless, irritable, restless, whiny, frequently complains of headache, dizziness and lack of appetite. This condition can lead to more serious diseases, so with insomnia need to be tackled vigorously.
Causes and treatment of sleep disorders in children
Conventionally, there are several groups of causes of insomnia: psychological, physiological, and associated with the environment. Insomnia can be caused by one or several reasons, and among children of different ages they may be slightly different.
Thus, sleep disturbances in children under one year is usually caused by the imperfection of their nervous system: circadian rhythms in infancy is still being developed. Therefore, if the child is healthy, happy, active and “confuses day with night”, staying awake at night and hard adipati day, the reason is this. However, there are also more serious causes of insomnia in infants:
- too warm and dry air;
- a noisy or unfamiliar environment;
- too bright
- problems with the stomach and intestines;
- diaper rash
- ear infections
In this case, the child does not sleep day and night, often wakes up cranky, crying frequent and loud. For the baby, you must observe: you may need to change the decor in the room where the baby sleeps, and be sure to show it to the doctor to rule out any disease.
In the future, can add new causes of insomnia. After one year all children master new motor skills and actively learn about the world. Intense and varied activity as overload the nervous system that the child falls asleep with difficulty.
In addition, the child begins to try adult food, and unusual food can cause gastrointestinal disorders and diathesis. To regulate your sleeping baby at this age yet, so you need to develop a daily ritual of going to sleep and also to establish a regime of healthy nutrition, avoiding overeating at night.
Preschool age often marked the first nightmares – children 3-6 years listen to stories, watch cartoons and TV shows, and actively developing the brain processes the impressions received into an incredible fantasy. Eventually the child starts to be afraid of the dark, afraid to sleep, sleeping loosely, and often wakes up screaming and in tears.
In addition, when children begin to attend kindergarten, the risk of catching colds or becoming infected with worms is significantly increased: at this age children can suffer from insomnia due to sore throat, nasal congestion or itching. Such problems should be addressed comprehensively to strengthen children’s immunity, in a timely manner to treat the disease and regular blood tests. Moreover, you must limit the child watching of television and fairy tales and cartoons to choose carefully, except for the scary stories and scary characters.
Children of younger and average school age to the fore the psychological causes of insomnia: beginning of school is almost always accompanied by stress due to the change of scene, and then may be added and other problems. Control and fear of exams, problems with academic performance, conflict with a teacher, fights with friends – the most frequent causes of insomnia in children 8-10 years. In addition, problems in the family, relocation, a change of scenery and even death of a pet often cause sleep disturbances.
If insomnia is caused by similar reasons, it is necessary to direct all efforts at creating a favorable atmosphere in the family and psychological support of the child. It is important to pay attention to assessment: possibly son or daughter needs additional training. It is desirable to talk to the child on relevant topics, to try to make him feel friendly. If insomnia is accompanied by headaches, impaired appetite, fainting, mood swings, disturbance of vision – you should immediately show the child’s pediatrician and neurologist, and if necessary, other specialists.
In addition, insomnia can cause very serious neurological disorders, diseases of the cardiovascular and nervous systems, and endocrine disorders. Therefore, even if the child has any health problems except sleep difficulties, it is not marked, expert advice is mandatory in any case.
Medical and homeopathic treatment of insomnia
Sometimes, that is enough to create a favorable atmosphere in the room to establish a routine or even to talk openly with the child on the souls that sleep improved. But if the child still cannot fall asleep, frequent waking or not sleeping at all, might require treatment.
You need to understand that to treat the child with drugs selected independently or on the advice of friends in no case it is impossible!, Any incorrect use of drugs can lead to terrible consequences. Also, sleeping tablets for children is strictly forbidden: they have lots of side effects and adversely affect the brain and nervous system. Any treatment should be prescribed only by a doctor.
The use of drugs in children up to 3 years is strictly contraindicated. 3 years your child may have such as “Person” (strictly tablets), “ALOR” or “Tenoten”. These drugs are based on plant extracts have a relaxing and calming effect, actively struggling with irritability and anxiety, promote normalization of sleep.
Homeopathic remedies, despite its vegetable origin, should not be applied independently. Duration of use and dosage shall appoint only specialist. Basically all homeopathic medicines authorized for children from 3 years, the only exceptions are “Valerianaceae” applicable from 2 years of age and “Sleep-normal”, which has no age restrictions.
Safer ways for normalization of sleep in children is the use of herbal plants such as:
- hop cones
- Valerian root.
Equally useful can be massage essential oils of these plants and aromatic pillows. However, for children under 3 years should be used with caution.
Tips for parents with insomnia in children
Treatment of insomnia even with the help of medicines will not be effective if you do not create the child comfortable physical and psychological environment. It is important to adhere to the following recommendations:
- to Respect the day necessarily. Children, especially babies, are very conservative: the slightest change in daily routine or a chaotic regime lose their good mood and prevent sleep. It is therefore important to develop a ritual of bedtime. In infants this may be the scheme “bathing — feeding — sleep”. In older children – “washing — a glass of warm milk — read tales — dream”. Most importantly, performing a ritual daily and strictly at the same time.
- it is Important to create room in the right microclimate it is proved that for a comfortable sleep required air temperature is about 16-20 degrees and relative humidity no less than 50%. Be sure to ventilate a baby before bed and use a humidifier.
- Special attention is required and feeding the baby – it should be full and varied. Be sure to include in the diet lean meat, dairy products, bread from whole grains – they contribute to the production of the sleep hormone melatonin and is useful for brain activity of the amino acid tryptophan. It is advisable to consume more fruits and vegetables, especially tomatoes and bananas, which contain useful for the nervous system, potassium and magnesium. The main thing – that the child was not allergic to these products.
- should Not be tight to feed the baby right before bed or give him sweets: it leads to insomnia and can cause bad dreams.
- children’s Activities during the day should be active: spend more time outdoors, play, exercise. After loads of sleep, usually healthy and strong.
- an hour before sleep, you must configure the child to rest: dim the lights and loud sounds, go to good games, otherwise the excitement will prevent him to sleep.
- Child has a nightmare, and he wakes up screaming and in tears? Be sure to soothe your baby, ask questions about, what he dreams, to explain the safety of dreams. To put a child to sleep immediately afterwards is not: the experience of sleep will continue to remain strong. It is better to talk to him, read a story, drink warm milk with honey and stay close till sleep takes its toll. If the child has nightmares, it is better to leave in the room a small night light: the soft light won’t disturb sleep and the child will not feel the horror while falling asleep and awakening.
- Unless the baby is asleep and do not show signs of disease, you can try to redeem him in the cool tub: nepewassi enough, the kid will get tired and go to sleep.
If the child does not sleep, do not take this lightly and shrug off the problem: consultation of competent experts, as well as the attention and caring parents will help to establish a healthy sleep, and consequently, to ensure the baby normal growth and development.