All people sooner or later grow old and face the problem of menopause.
Approximately by 50 years the metabolism slows down, production of hormones in women decreases, slows down cell renewal, there are diseases and problems that youth are rare or do not occur at all.
Menopause consists of several stages, different in duration and continuing until the end of life. Poor health, mood swings, hot flashes, sweating, changes in blood pressure, rapid heart rate – this condition can last for a long time. To prevent possible comorbidities associated with hormonal deficiency (mastopathy, breast cancer, cancer of the female genital organs, genital prolapse, osteoporosis, etc.) need to refer to specialists (gynecologist, endocrinologist, etc.).
From the point of view of the elaboration of female sex hormones, a woman’s whole life is divided into several stages: premenopausal (after first menstrual period and before the end of regular menstruation), perimenopause (before and after menopause), menopause (last menstrual period) and menopause (the period beginning twelve months after menopause to end of life).
Perimenopause, menopause and post menopausal conditionally unite in the climax is menopause.
This period begins, on average, for 4 years before menopause (average age of 47.5 years) and continued for 12 months after the cessation of menstruation.
The first sign of the perimenopausal syndrome — changes in the menstrual cycle, both in duration and amount of blood loss.
Perimenopause is a time of great hormonal changes in a woman’s body. The level of estrogens — female sex hormones — begins to waver and constantly decreasing. Due to the lack of female hormones is developing a number of unpleasant symptoms. The earliest symptoms are hot flashes and night sweats, depression, irritability.
Menopause is the natural time of the last bleeding (menstruation). It can be set only after 12 months without bleeding (amenorrhea). The average age of menopause is 51.3 years, while in Smoking women the menopause can occur at 1.5-2 years earlier.
Twelve months after menopause, women enter postmenopause — the period up to the end of his life, marked by a deficiency of female sex hormones.
As mentioned above, the first symptoms related to the deficiency of female sex hormones, are “hot flashes” and night sweats, mood swings, irritability. They last at least 2 to 5 years — early postmenopausal period and then usually disappear.
Symptoms such as dryness and itching of the vagina, loss of sexual desire, pain during urination, etc. over time, only worse.
In addition, in the first few years after menopause occur very quickly bone loss, and begin to progress the vascular changes that in the past the woman was protected by the high hormone levels of estrogen. These changes increase women’s risk of osteoporosis (increased bone fragility, which leads to frequent fractures, the worst of which is hip fracture), as well as the risk of heart disease.