Menstrual cycle Women's health


Menstruation is a sign of the female body, which indicates that a woman is ready to have children. Not that you necessarily need to appear any desire to do it, but your body says about what is now possible. Each menstruation in preparation for pregnancy in the uterus formed a new mucous membrane. At certain times, usually in the middle of the menstrual cycle, your ovaries release an egg, called ovum. If the egg is fertilized by a sperm, the mucous membrane remains and accepts the egg. But if the egg is not fertilized, the uterus begins to bleed approximately 14 days after ovulation, in order to cleanse the body from the membranes, particles and fluids that have formed in the uterus. This process takes several days and is called menstruation.

What is menstruation?

The term “menstruation” comes from the Latin word menses, menstruation, indicate the frequency with which most women appear bleeding: approximately once a month. Usually the duration of a normal cycle ranges from 21 to 35 days, the average duration is 28 days. Especially in the first years of menstruation cycles can vary in duration and to occur less often with significant gaps, while in women older periods more predictable. Each cycle has four stages.

Step 1

Each menstruation the body covers the uterus with a mucous membrane, prepared to receive the fertilized egg.

Step 2

During this stage, called ovulation, the egg is separated from one of the ovaries before you get into one of the fallopian tubes leading to the uterus, which takes a few days. Some women feel a slight pain during ovulation, but most lacked any special feeling.

Step 3

If the egg is on its way to the uterus meets the sperm, a woman can become pregnant. If this does not happen, the body notices this and takes steps to get rid of the mucosa, unfertilized egg and fluids, that is, attacking menstruation.

Step 4

Begin menstruating, and a woman bleeding.

Coming next month, and so about 400 times until the woman will start menopause, and menstruation stops.

How much blood is excreted during menstruation?

The amount of blood individually for each woman. But, as a rule, this number seems larger than it actually is. The average volume of blood lost is about four tablespoons. The majority of girls and women in the first days of the menstruation blood stands out more. In addition to hereditary reasons, there are many other factors that determine the length and profusion of bleeding, for example, stress, diet, method of contraception, and the fact that you already gave birth or not.

At what age menstruation starts?

On average, in girls, menstruation begins between the ages 11-14 years. 50% of 12-year-old girls already came the first of the menstruation. But “normal” age for menstruation onset ranged from 9 to 16 years. The duration of each cycle varies, but for most women, it ranges from 21 days (short cycle) to 35 days (long cycle). Likewise, varies and the number of days of menstruation, from 3 to 8, with the most common variant consists of 4-6 days. It is estimated that in the life of modern women in our part of the globe it takes about 400-500 menstruation.

Is Discharge during menstruation

Vaginal discharge in women serve an important function – the preservation of the purity inside the vagina. While discharge has a white or pale yellow, worry for no reason. If you wish, you can use a special daily strip. But if the discharge has a stronger than usual smell and it changes color, consult a doctor. You may have an infection.

Hygiene during menstruation

Menstruation cycleWithout doubts, you good care of their hygiene, but did you know that the risk of catching an infection increases during menstruation, so it is very important to keep the genitals clean? A warm shower twice a day will refresh you and minimizes the presence of odors.

Shaving during your period

Good to know that shaving is not such a good idea. Pubic hair has two important functions: they serve as a barrier to the penetration of bacteria into the vagina and is necessary for ventilation of the genitals. Shaving is not a problem if from time to time to give the lower part of his body to breathe.

PMS girls

PMS is an abbreviation for the term “premenstrual syndrome”. This is a real condition that affects women and girls of all ages. The term PMS understand the various physical and emotional disorders that occur in women during the period after ovulation and before menstruation. Symptoms may include irritability, sore Breasts, bloating, cramps, rapid mood change and fatigue. Some women experience all of these symptoms, others only one or two. Many symptoms recur each month, which makes it easy to identify them as typical signs of PMS. The definition of all these symptoms and link them with the menstrual cycle will help you understand the causes of atypical behavior for you.

Contraception during menstruation

Many believe that during the critical days of getting pregnant is impossible. Indeed, this happens rarely, but it happens. It is therefore important to use contraception, even during menstruation. Great choices are condoms, because they protect you from sexually transmitted diseases. Birth control pills can affect the amount of blood released during menstruation and make them more regular, pounding into the framework of a 28-day cycle.

Spasms and pain during menstruation

Many girls and women experience pain during or just before critical days. First of all, the pain arises due to uterine contractions for the purpose of getting rid of its internal mucous membrane. To reduce the pain, try to keep the lower back warm towel. The pain can also reduce pain relievers. During exercise, the body produces endorphins, which act as natural painkillers. Some women prefer to indulge in reading your favorite book or watching a movie while enjoying ice cream, drink herbal infusions or light scented suppositories. Use anything you want – if only it helped you relax. Pick something that helps you. Try on a few PMS to reduce the number of planned activities.

Proper diet during menstruation

Balanced diet is very important for all people, so try to eat healthy. This will help you feel great and your body will be in order. Women who lose much blood during the critical days should include in your diet foods rich in iron, e.g. red meat, almonds, spinach, apricots, are excellent sources of iron. In addition, you need carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and many vitamins and minerals. Good nutrition will allow your body to function better. After all, you have to treat yourself with dignity and respect. Many young girls believe that they have to suffer sitting on strict diets to look good. This opinion is fundamentally wrong. The best way to have a healthy, beautiful body is to eat as many delicious vegetables, herbs, fruits, nuts and fish. Optionally, you can include in your diet and meat. Try to eat natural products for a variety of reasons, but primarily because they contain less additives and toxins, which consequently will reduce the number of toxins in your body.

Swimming during menstruation

Can you swim during menstruation? In this case, the best choice for you would a tampon. Because the risk of getting an infection during critical days is higher than normally, should be especially careful to keep clean. Insert a fresh tampon before swimming and change it ASAP, when out of the water.

Odors during menstruation

Many women are worried about the unpleasant smell that can be heard from their intimate places, but not worth this much worry. Just during menstruation need to take a warm shower twice a day – morning and evening. It is also important to remember that it should be every 3-4 hours to change a sanitary pad if the need arises.

If your vaginal discharge begins to smell unusual or have changed your look, turn to the doctor. You may have an infection.

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