Female mosquitoes drink blood because they need the protein in blood to be able to lay eggs. Males mosquitoes feed exclusively on plant nectar. During the bite of a mosquito pierces the skin with her proboscis and injects her saliva, which contains proteins and anticoagulants that prevent blood clotting. The immune system reacts to these substances causing an allergic reaction that leads to redness, swelling and itching at the bite location. Also it is through the saliva of the mosquito transmitted a variety of diseases.
Mosquito Bites – How to Stop Itching and Treatments
Carefully wash the place of the mosquito bite with warm water and soap to remove dirt and germs and prevent infection. Then wipe the place of a mosquito bite with a clean towel.
Apply a cold compress on the mosquito bite for 10 minutes. Repeat the procedure every hour for several hours or as necessary. The cold will help soothe itching and reduce swelling. As a cold compress, you can use ice wrapped in a towel or bag, soaked in cold water towel or a chilled can of soda.
Take over-the-counter antihistamine, such as diphenhydramine, chlorpheniramine or hydroxyzine to calm itching and reduce redness. These drugs prevent the production of histamine, which is released when the mosquito bites and causes the bite area to itch. You can also apply hydrocortisone or antihistamine cream on the bite to relieve the inflammation and irritation. Anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and naproxen, will help relieve the symptoms arising from the bite of a mosquito.
Baking soda is the simplest and most common home remedy for treating mosquito bites, which is suitable for young children and individuals with sensitive skin. Mix three teaspoons of baking soda with one teaspoon water to form a thick paste. The resulting mass is put on the bite and allow it to dry. Repeat the treatment throughout the day as needed. Soda effectively neutralizes the toxins from mosquito bites, reduces inflammation and itching.
Tea tree oil, peppermint and eucalyptus are not only a natural repellent against mosquitoes, but also well eliminate itching, irritation and swelling of the skin after mosquito bites.
Lubricate the bite of aloe juice several times a day. Aloe not only soothes, but also helps you to cure mosquito bite.
Wipe the inner side of banana peel on a mosquito bite, it will help to reduce irritation and the desire to scratch the bitten area.
Apply the ammonia with a piece of cotton wool on a mosquito bite. Ammonia will help relieve itching and swelling associated with the bite.
The bite of a mosquito will be less itchy if you squeeze it a small amount of toothpaste.
Prevention of itching caused by mosquito bites
Do not scratch a mosquito bite because it releases the histamine that makes it even more itchy. Also scratching can damage the skin surface, which will increase the risk of infection and scar formation.
If over time the redness, swelling and pain intensifies, you should immediately consult a doctor.
So you don’t have to treat mosquito bites, you need to properly protect yourself from mosquitoes.