Murrain is a viral infection with specific lesions of the mucous membranes of the mouth, lips, nose, skin, interdigital folds and nail bed. Causes — filter RNA containing the virus is spherical shape. It persists in the environment. Murrain ill artiodactyls animals (large and small cattle, pigs, sheep and goats). Patients animal virus stands out with saliva, milk, urine and dung. A person’s susceptibility to small lizard. Ways to transfer contact and food. From person to person disease is not transmitted.
Symptoms and course of Murrain. The incubation period is 5-10 days. The disease begins with chills, high temperature, headache, aching muscles, back pain, weakness, loss of appetite. After 2-3 days joins xerostomia, possible photophobia, excessive salivation, pain when urinating. On the reddened mucous membrane of the mouth appears a large number of small bubbles the size of a millet grain, filled with turbid yellow liquid, a day later they spontaneously burst and form ulcers (aphthae). After opening ulcers temperature, as a rule, somewhat reduced. Speech and swallowing difficult, improved salivatsiya (separation of saliva). The majority of patients vesicles – bubbles can reside on the skin: in the area of the terminal phalanges of fingers and toes, in the interdigital folds. Accompanied by a feeling of burning, crawling, itching. In most cases, nails and then fall. Aphthae on the mucous membrane of the mouth, lips, tongue go through 3-5 days and heal without leaving scars. Possible new eruptions spanning recovery for several months. The children often observe the phenomenon of gastroenteritis.
Distinguish skin, mucous and skin-mucous form of the disease. Frequent deleted forms of proceeding in the form of stomatitis.
Complications Murrain: the accession of secondary infection leading to pneumonia and sepsis.
Treatment of Murrain: required hospitalization for at least 14 days from onset of illness.
No causal treatment. Special attention is given to careful nursing, diet (liquid food, nutrition fractional). Local treatment: solutions — 3 % hydrogen peroxide; 0.1% rivanol; 0.1% potassium permanganate; 2 % boric acid, camomile tea. Erosion toushirou 2-5 % solution of silver nitrate. In severe cases, we recommend the introduction of immune serum and appointment tetracycline or levomitsetina.
Prevention of Murrain:
Veterinary oversight of animals and food from them received, the observance of sanitary norms farm workers.