Children often complain neck pain, and usually in these complaints there is nothing serious. But the aches and stupor in the neck, however, still deserve your attention, for the reason that sometimes it can be a sign of meningitis.
Causes of neck pain in children:
1. Often the cause of neck pain in children is an inflammation of the sternocleidomastoid muscle. The neck muscles are constrained, perhaps as a result of birth trauma. Baby’s head is not capable of being turned to one side, and the muscles on his neck from this side can purchase painful sensitivity.
2. Sudden backache in older children is usually the result of muscle spasm. Often the child wakes up with a pain in the neck, usually on one side. The reason for this is unknown, although sometimes it can be triggered by sitting in a draught. Because of the pain the child turns and tilts his head to one side; the muscles of the neck, this side will be strained and painfully sensitive.
3. Sudden backache the patient, the child, most often accompanied by ear pain, sore throat and fever, can be caused by inflammation of the lymph nodes in the neck. However, it should be taken seriously because of the possibility of meningitis, so consult your doctor.
4. Meningitis is an infection of the meninges. It usually affects children under 5 years and represents a danger, especially for the little ones.
First child just, in General, feels bad, he does that, he had a fever. In the older child start to hurt your head and neck, the neck becomes stiff, and if the child is not in the year, it may feel worse and worse, and his fontanel (soft spot on top) starts to swell from internal pressure; the baby can recline your head back. The child may be having seizures, he may lose consciousness.
Rash, consisting of small flat purple pimples, is a serious symptom of meningitis caused by meningococcus bacteria.
Actually in many cases meningitis is caused by a virus and goes away without any treatment and without consequences. If the meningitis is caused by bacteria and its time has not treated, it can lead to death or permanent dysfunction of the brain.
Call your doctor if your child has the above symptoms or if he has a high fever, feeling unwell, and his chest is impossible to touch because of the pain and tension in the neck.
5. Torticollis, or torticollis (often called “rigid neck”) is a condition in which the child holds his head in a forced or inclined position. Due to pain the normal position of the head is impossible, or only possible for a short time.
Have congenital torticollis (present at birth) or neonatal that affects some infants. Doctors do not agree that this condition develops during fetal development or in very early life. As a result of the disease there is a reduction and fixation of the shortened muscles, contracture is formed, creates a forced position of the head. In some cases the disease may not be obvious to parents until the child reaches 3 or 4 years, and the neck will not grow and will not elongate. For reasons not quite clear, torticollis occurs on the right side of the neck in 3 of 4 cases. Torticollis is sometimes combined with a defect of the hip joint that causes the obstruction or slow walk, or walk with a limp.
Congenital torticollis is sometimes associated with pain on one side of the neck. His head tilted to the affected side and the chin rotated to the opposite, which gives the child’s head the wrong position. Congenital torticollis is usually different small nodular formations of scar tissue on the affected side.
If congenital Krivoshey not treated on time (before 10 years of age), the child’s face may become asymmetric. The affected side becomes shorter than the opposite, where the facial muscles due to the constant tension stretch and elongate. The neck muscles will be permanently damaged and may develop a progressive curvature of the neck and limited head movement. However, the correct and vigorous treatment (including physiotherapy) can fix most forms of congenital or neonatal, torticollis, and no signs of the disease will remain.
In childhood and adolescence may develop other forms of torticollis and neck pain. Children may experience temporary tight neck mobility and pain during some viral diseases, such as influenza, measles or chickenpox.
More rare causes of neck pain in children:
Side effects of certain medications, arthritis, defects and abnormal development of the cervical vertebrae and cerebral palsy.
- In older children, as in adults, painful clip in the neck can be a result of stress. It also leads to an intense headache.
- In children and adolescents neck pain and limitation of movements of the head are often a manifestation of cervical lymphadenitis (a complication of tonsillitis).
- Neck stiffness observed in meningitis and other severe infections, such as pneumonia (meningismus). Pain in the neck may be accompanied and polio is rare in the present time, the disease.
- Some causes of neck pain in children – the same as in adults: is intracranial hemorrhage, abscesses and tumors. In children, in addition, often there is an acute torticollis. Neck pain can also be symptoms of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.