Only about 25% of women do not experience pain during menstruation. The most familiar of these sensations, which are constant “companions” period. Menstrual pain in science is called “dysmenorrhea” or “algomenorrhea”. From it more often affects young women and nulliparous women. Usually pain occur 1-2 days before menstruation or in her first day. This unpleasant symptom is quite normal, if it does not bring significant discomfort, does not require bed rest and generally does not interfere with his routine.
Pain in the beginning of menstruation
The main manifestation of algodismenorea is a pain in the lower abdomen. 2-3 days of menstruation, it gradually subsides. The character of the pain can be different: aching, tugging or stabbing (pain), radiating to the bladder, rectum, lower back.
Unfortunately, besides the pain, many girls suffer in other unpleasant menstruation symptoms. It may be lack of appetite, nausea and even vomiting, changes in emotional state (depression, apathy, irritability), increased sweating, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract (diarrhea, constipation), pain in region of nipples.
Causes of pain in 1 day Your period
Pain in the first days of menstruation are directly related to hormonal changes in the body of women during this period. Of fertilization has not occurred, and starts the update process of the mucous membrane of the uterus (endometrium) – removal of “old” and growth of “new”. To get rid of the dying tissue of the mucous, hormones cause muscular contractions of the uterus. Because of this and pain occur during menstruation.
The described process is normal, it is formed by nature. However, there are other, less “harmless” causes of the pain. Depending on what caused the discomfort, there are primary and secondary dysmenorrhea:
- Primary dysmenorrhea. It’s a pain that occurs in women without gynecological diseases. It usually occurs 1-3 years after the start of menstruation in adolescence, that is, when start of ovulation.
- Secondary dysmenorrhea. It’s a pain when menstruation associated with abnormalities of pelvic organs, gynecological diseases (including inflammatory), use of IUDs. Discomfort appears or increases 1-2 days before menstruation. Most often secondary dysmenorrhea affects women older than 30 years.
What to do when the pain during menstruation?
If the pain in the first and subsequent days of menstruation mild and not bothering you do the usual things to reduce the discomfort, you can follow a few simple tips:
- drink more water;
- to move (moderate physical activity helps to alleviate cramps);
- take a warm (not hot) shower;
- to be one of the modern anesthetics.
However, if the pain in the first day of menstruation is strong and makes you lie in bed, you need to contact your gynecologist. This condition may indicate serious health problems. In any case, if you’re worried about pain, regardless of intensity and time of occurrence, it is better to consult a specialist.
How to reduce pain during menstruation?
During menstruation, but also accompanied by pain syndrome, every woman wants to lie in a warm bed and not moving. But the modern woman is unlikely to be able to afford such a luxury. Most often, at the slightest twinge she gets painkillers from her purse and washes down a pill, and maybe even two quick SIPS of water. This is the wrong approach. If we can get rid of the problem without the aid of drugs, then why not? Why cause the body unnecessary harm?
A single panacea in the treatment of menstrual cramps no. Best to start with nutrition. During menstruation, and better for a few days in advance it should be possible to facilitate. Eat more vegetables and fruits, drink juices, eliminate fat and milk. Generally these days it is better to drink more fluids but no tea or coffee, eating chocolate (it’s also better to exclude), and herbal teas with mint, chamomile, and mineral water. In the East it is believed that the best drink in those days – pineapple juice. Try, and suddenly will help you.
Fitness and sports during menstruation
Many women during menstruation abandon traditional sports, less physically active, are at home, do the housework. This position is not quite true, although quite understandable. There is a statement that women who are constantly engaged in any sports, menstruation are much easier. And indeed it is. Not throw for a week their usual fitness classes, aerobics, gym or yoga. But if not doing anything, then more move in the days of menstruation, take a walk on foot, hire a bike and ride in the Park!
The more active you are, the less spasms in the lower abdomen will feel. However, exercise involving tension of the abdominal muscles, it is better to be careful. For example, one theory of the origin of the pain during menstruation connects the disease with reflux of menstrual blood from the uterus through the tubes into the abdominal cavity is when the tension of muscles and heavy lifting.