Menstrual cycle Women's health

Period Pain


Period Pain: Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

Women Menstrual Period – the result of the interaction of reproductive hormones. The level of hormones in a woman’s body decreases and increases in different periods of the menstruation cycle, lasting approximately 28 days. Most women do not notice any change in the body other than menstrual bleeding for 3-5 days. But some women experience pain during menstruation (this condition is called algomenorrhea).

Period Pain

Short and mild menstrual pain that does not interfere with business as usual, are the norm. But 5-10% of women have a strong enough pain that lead to reduced or complete cessation of physical activity.

Often women experience cramping during menstruation that is felt in the abdomen. Sometimes it may radiate to the lumbar region, less so in the hips, sacrum, the groin or external genitalia. Severe pain during menstruation can be disturbed directly when menstruation or a few days before her. It’s pretty intense and is paroxysmal in nature.

Severe pain during menstruation reduce performance, Deplete the nervous system, contribute to the development of asthenic conditions (lethargy, weakness). Also, the woman may experience dizziness and headaches, to suffer from diarrhea, abdominal colic.

Causes of Painful Menstrual Periods

During the first three to five days of menstruation there is a gradual rejection layer of the endometrium (lining of the uterus), which is accompanied by blood loss. To remove unnecessary tissues the uterus is intensively reduced, which is the cause of pain during menstruation. From the second day the mucous begins to recover and by the fifth day it is completed. After that, the body prepares for the possible implantation of a fertilized egg. The layer of the endometrium grows and thickens quickly several times. Actively grow the glands of the mucous membrane. If fertilization and implantation have not occurred, the endometrium dies and come next month.

Painful periods have a medical name – algomenorrhea. Experts distinguish primary and secondary algomenorrhea. The second form due to the presence of pathological processes in the pelvic organs, and the first nothing to do with that. Algomenorrhea manifest severe menstrual pain, weakness, low blood pressure.

The primary form usually occurs in emotional skinny girls approximately a year after the first menstruation. Secondary occurs due to anatomical changes of the uterus.

Also causes pain at menstruation may be:

  • an excess of “bad” prostaglandins that cause cramps muscular wall of the uterus and narrowing of the blood vessels;
  • insufficient level of endorphins, enkephalins;
  • increased sensitivity to pain;
  • luteal phase deficiency.

All these reasons often are fundamental when you experience menstrual cramps.

Menstrual Cramps (Dysmenorrhea)

Period Pain Treatment

In case of pronounced menstrual pain, you must contact your gynecologist and make sure no any abnormalities. If no diseases of a small basin it is not revealed, then to reduce pain when menstruation will help simple guidelines in which set out in detail what needs to be done.

Massage

A light circular motion, clockwise, will help to reduce the stress the abdominal area for menstrual bleeding. It helps to reduce menstrual cramps.

Stay warm

Use this method only if you are certain that You are healthy. A warm bath, shower (15 minutes) relax muscles and help relieve spasms, thereby alleviating the condition in painful menstruation.

To Lie in the fetal position

Many women to relieve the spasm helps rest or short sleep in the fetal position (lying on your side, legs pulled up to her stomach). This helps how to reduce pain during menstruation and relax the body.

Diet

Many doctors, answering the question “How to get rid of pain during menstruation?”, recommend a light diet. Eat vegetables and fruits containing large amount of water. Before and during menstruation should not eat a lot of meat, dairy and flour products. Limit the consumption of sugar, salt, coffee and black tea.

Take the painkillers

If any recommendations have not helped reduce menstrual pain, you can drink a pain reliever, You have been advised by the doctor. The medication will quickly relieve You from discomfort and help you return to your normal life.

Threat the symptoms of menstrual cramps:

  • diarrhoea, high temperature and rash during pregnancy;
  • serious problems with the digestive organs (blood in the stool, black, tarry stools);
  • very strong, sometimes even unbearable menstrual pain lasts more than a day;
  • after taking painkillers was not improving health;
  • pain syndrome persists even after menses;
  • in recent months, menstrual bleeding was especially strong;
  • after the normal menstruation occurred very painful.

You need to see a doctor-a gynecologist! These symptoms can indicate the presence or development of pathological processes in the body.

Reviewed by the QSota Medical Advisory Board