The concept of pneumonia combines a group of disorders which manifest an inflammatory process in the lungs. Call this process the microbes (Pneumococci, Staphylococci, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Legionella, and others), viruses (influenza, parainfluenza, adenovirus), fungi, protozoa. It is also possible the development of inflammation by inhalation of toxic substances, gases, and other hazardous chemical compounds.
Most often, the development of pneumonia is associated with the weakening of protective forces of an organism. It may be associated with hypothermia, a viral disease, a medication that reduces the immune system.
Greater risk of Pneumonia are exposed:
- older people;
- people with comorbidities: chronic lung disease, diabetes,Parkinson’s, alcoholism, cardiovascular disease, etc.;
- patients who recently had surgery;
- people with congenital disorders of respiratory system, a weakened immune system.
Medicine now has excellent diagnostic techniques and a powerful Arsenal of antibiotics, but despite this the mortality rate for pneumonia reaches 1-9%, which gives it the fourth place among causes of death after cardiovascular and oncological diseases and injuries of poisoning. This high percentage is mainly due to delays in seeking care and the development of pneumonia compared to other serious diseases.
Symptoms and Signs of Pneumonia
The diagnosis of “Pneumonia” as many years ago, puts the therapist or pulmonologist who patiently rattles and listens to lungs. It is obligatory roentgenography of the chest may additionally require a bronchoscopy. Wheezing heard in the lungs and a characteristic darkening on the radiograph is a valid indication of pneumonia.
Most typical Signs of pneumonia:
- sudden onset of fever with chills;
- cough with wet sputum;
- feeling short of breath in a calm state;
- pain in the chest when deep breathing or coughing.
To find the true culprit of the pneumonia in each case, will help microbiologists, identifying the originator of the so-called biological material (sputum, flushing of the bronchi, obtained at bronchoscopy).
Treatment of Pneumonia
Pneumonia often requires treatment in a hospital, so in any case, do not resist the hospitalization prescribed by the doctor. This will help avoid dangerous complications (pleurisy, lung abscess, acute respiratory failure, infectious-toxic shock and other).
Treatment of pneumonia is always complex. It includes antibiotics (in severe cases, they are administered in the form of a dropper), anti-inflammatory and expectorant drugs, inhalation.
Along with medication plays an important role physiotherapy (warming up the lungs, magnetic therapy, electrophoresis, resolving means), chest massage, breathing exercises.
To treat pneumonia complicated difficult. If you have pleurisy or purulent process, keep patience and faithfully follow all the medical advice these diseases in the absence of treatment pose a threat to life.
The best way to fully restore health after pneumonia is to relax in the resort pulmonological profile. These resorts are usually located in the forest area in the lowlands or on the coast.