31 week of pregnancy means that the long-awaited maternity leave finally came into its legal rights. Now mommy can lie in bed in the morning for an hour or two longer, enjoying my current situation. While stirring at 31 weeks of pregnancy even more improve the mood.
The fetus at 31 weeks pregnant
In most cases, the position of the baby in the womb by this time becomes final. Typically, this position is head down, but there are other cases when there is pelvic previa (head up), and the transverse position of the child.
Externally, the baby becomes more and more like newborn babies. His skin is much more dense, and blood vessels, previously irradiated through it, now almost invisible. 31 weeks begins active accumulation of subcutaneous fat, which outlines the kid lose their angularity, finding the roundness, and the baby’s skin gradually becomes pink.
The size and weight of the fetus at 31 weeks of pregnancy is 40 cm and 1500 g, respectively.
At this stage of development only a few details distinguish the baby from infant born at term: the navel of the baby is still quite low, boys hasn’t happened yet drooping testicles in the scrotum. It can also be noted that although the production of surfactant has already begun, yet the lungs of a child is not Mature enough to function independently, and externally the baby is not sufficiently strong. However, now the child is viable, and in the case of premature birth he will survive.
The woman at 31 weeks pregnant
For future moms 31 week of pregnancy is the time when the discomfort in the form of painful spasms in the back become inevitable. The thing is that now the body begins preparing for childbirth, and the muscles and ligaments of the back transferred to the stage of relaxation. In addition, it is now a high probability of varicose veins.
With the beginning of the 31 weeks pregnant woman can fully feel their awkwardness and clumsiness, as the weight for the previous 2nd trimester enough large, namely about 8 to 9 pounds. All gain is the sum of the weight of the baby, placenta, amniotic fluid, the uterus and the increased volume of circulating blood.
Belly women still continues to increase in volume, causing discomfort and even pain in the pelvis and the thorax. Abdominal pain 31 weeks pregnant – this is completely normal because the baby is growing rapidly, occupying more and more space.
Besides increasing the uterus also puts pressure on other internal organs, shifting them from the usual places. This raises difficulties in the work of the gastrointestinal tract, resulting very often in pregnant heartburn occurs.
Risk as at 31 weeks pregnant
Weight on 31st week of pregnancy to be closely monitored: the maximal increase at this time should not exceed 300,
Greater weight gain can cause the development of preeclampsia or late toxicity, which is characterized by increased blood pressure, headaches, edema and protein in the urine. Therefore, to avoid the development of such complications should be completely excluded from the diet of a pregnant fatty, salty and spicy food, as well as daily exercise control over the amount consumed and processed by the body fluid, the difference which must not be more than 300 ml. If there is a clear imbalance will require immediate hospitalization of pregnant women.
In addition, as earlier, there is the likelihood of bleeding from the vagina. Allocation as at 31 weeks of pregnancy often means peeling or placenta previa. In any case you need to see your doctor who will tell you how to do in this situation, or will put the woman to hospital to prevent undesirable consequences.
Recommendation 31 week of pregnancy
- The longer the pregnancy, the more recommendations. But the main can be attributed to the need for timely visits to the doctor, watching the woman throughout pregnancy, as well as the control of blood pressure tests.
- Everything else you need to regularly measure the weight, to do ultrasound and other prescribed treatments that will help to ensure normal moms and proper development of the baby.
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