You don’t have to understand this set of States. However, some of them can be really dangerous for the child. Therefore, when the appearance of any rash it is time to consult a pediatrician. Don’t forget that describe the appearance of the skin by phone meaningless, the doctor should see the changes with your own eyes.
Causes rashes and irritation on the skin in children
Causes of rashes in children can be divided into four main groups:
– infectious and parasitic diseases;
– allergic reactions;
– diseases of the blood and blood vessels;
– lack of proper hygiene.
If the cause of the rash is an infection, you will notice their child and her other symptoms, such as fever, chills, cough, runny nose, sore throat, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, etc. While a rash may be the first symptom of the current infection and appear in 2-3 days.
Among infectious diseases rash, usually accompanied such common childhood diseases such as chickenpox, measles, rubella and scarlet fever.
The most dangerous is meningococcal infection. The meningococcus is a bacterium that often causes the common cold, easily treatable, but in some cases it leads to meningitis (inflammation of the membranes of the brain) and blood infection (meningococcemia). Rash if meningococcemia has the appearance of hemorrhage and is accompanied by high fever. The disease is extremely dangerous – since the appearance of the rash until the death of the person may take less than a day. That’s why at the slightest suspicion of meningococcal infection ill taken to the hospital and immediately begin therapy. With timely treatment the chances of a good outcome is 80-90%.
Allergic rash occurs after ingestion or contact with any allergen. Moreover, the allergen can serve anything you like: chocolate, milk, nuts, a variety of medications, particles, pet hair, washing powder or conditioner for clothes, body cream, the cloth from which made underwear and other Allergic reactions may occur even after a light touch to anything. A classic example of this kind there are lesions in the burns nettle or jellyfish. By carefully considering the diet and environment of your child, you should be able to understand the cause of allergies. Don’t forget that mosquito bites in children also cause local allergic reaction as a result of multiple traces from mosquito bites can sometimes be mistaken for a rash.
The cause of the rash can also be skin parasites. Scabies, for example, is caused by mites, which makes microscopic holes in thin skin, interdigital spaces, wrists, genitals and other body parts. In places of destruction occurs severe itching of the skin. Scabies is extremely contagious disease and requires treatment from a dermatologist.
Rash in diseases of the blood and blood vessels is usually hemorrhagic in nature, i.e., caused by hemorrhage into the skin. Depending on the pathology, it can be as large bruises all colors of the rainbow, and petechial rash over the entire body surface.
Due to the characteristics of the skin of children and frequent defects hygiene frequent diseases in infancy is prickly heat, diaper dermatitis, intertrigo. One should not over-wrap of the child. Try not to leave your baby in wet diapers or diapers. Often bathe and padmavati child, and let his skin breathe in the practice of regular air baths.
In this viral infection rash most often appears after 2-4 days after the beginning of the temperature rise and appeared catarrhal symptoms (redness of the throat, runny nose, cough). The rash in measles is spread from top to bottom: appears first on the face and head, then on the upper half of the torso and arms, then down below and on foot, covering a 3 day whole body. Spots are slightly raised above the skin surface, they are large and can merge.
The rash of varicella appear more frequently on the face, scalp, torso. The character has changed over the course of the disease: slightly protruding above the skin red spots for a few hours turn into bubbles with a transparent, then meteosim content. Size vetranary bubbles are no more than 4 mm In the future, they dry up and in their place are formed brownish crust. Rash when chickenpox is always accompanied by itching. A very important feature of this type of rash sprinkling (new items), which often accompanies another burst temperature.
The rash in measles appears together with signs of intoxication, fever, increase in occipital lymph nodes. Numerous small spots (no more than 3-5 mm in diameter) appear for several hours, spread from top to bottom, but much faster than with measles during the day, the rash comes to feet, rash lasts on average three days, then disappears without a trace. A characteristic localization are the extensor surfaces of arms and legs, and buttocks. It should be remembered that this viral infection is dangerous for pregnant women because of adverse effects on the fetus. So if you suspect your child rubella not invite pregnant.
The disease begins with the classic signs of angina. The rash is connected to them, usually on the second day. It is a punctulata elements covering the entire surface of the body. Especially in the inguinal folds, elbows, armpits, abdomen. The most abundant rash skin red, swollen, hot to the touch. After 2-3 days the symptoms, including rash, taper off, which is accompanied by a severe peeling skin.
Almost always appears suddenly, often accompanied by profuse runny nose and watery, very itchy. Rash relief, well marked. Welcome antiallergic drugs and eliminates itching and the rash.
When the scabies rash is accompanied by painful itching and looks as point elements, often arranged in pairs, 2-3 mm from each other. Typical localization brush and interdigital intervals, the surface of the abdomen.
Traces of bites from mosquitoes and other insects are often mistaken for infectious rash. On the site of the bite formed red itchy bump (papule). Typical localization, season, place of residence and the absence of additional symptoms will help you and your doctor to distinguish such rash from infectious.
If you find your child has a rash on the skin, try to follow these rules:
1) Neobhodimosti to call a doctor on the house, so that in the case of infectious diseases not to infect others in the clinic and in transport. In addition, any patient with a rash should be isolated from pregnant women, while the doctor is not to say that it is not rubella.
2) If you suspect your child meningococcal infection, immediately call an ambulance.
3) Before the arrival of the doctor it is not necessary to lubricate the elements of the rash, especially solutions with coloring substances (for example,”greenery”). As you have already understood, the main causes of rashes internal. Therefore, a pronounced positive effect on the lubrication of the elements of the rash, you will not succeed. However, the doctor will be much harder to diagnose.
If you suspect that a rash caused by contact with clothing. Remember that in addition to inappropriate material, allergies can cause residues of detergent or softener. Try to change the producer or use hypoallergenic hygiene.
How to treat skin rash in children
Only after questioning and a thorough examination of your child’s doctor can make a correct diagnosis and prescribe treatment. Viral infections usually do not require specific treatment, while bacterial diseases need for antibiotic use. In the treatment of allergic conditions based on the termination of contact with the allergen and suppressing excessive immune response antihistamines, corticosteroids and other drugs. Depending on the severity of the condition these drugs can be used in the form of ointments, tablets, injections etc. If the rash is caused by disease of the blood or blood vessels, the pediatrician will refer the child for a consultation with a hematologist. Scabies is a dermatologist and includes, inter alia, a number of anti-epidemic measures.
Prevention of skin irritation in children
Prevention of childhood infections primarily includes compliance with the immunization schedule. You should know that from meningococcal infection also developed the vaccine. Talk to your pediatrician to find out when your child has to be taught from this dangerous infection.
Vaccination is the greatest invention of people, which made possible the prevention of many serious infections. On the other hand each vaccination this whole ordeal for a little gentle child’s body. In some cases, children suffer vaccination is not very easy – you may experience an allergic reaction or fever. This does not mean that further vaccinations should be abolished. Don’t forget to remind the doctor about previous reactions, and he will advise your child for a day or two before the scheduled vaccinations to take antihistamines.
Allergic diseases are extremely frequent in childhood. This is due to immaturity of the immune system in children. For any new stimulus such immune system reacts giperergicakie (cursillo). Try to introduce new foods gradually, one by one. Then you reliably know that was the cause of food allergies. A child with a tendency to allergic reactions must be under the supervision of the doctor-allergist. With proper treatment in most cases, children with age “outgrow his allergies” That is the allergen, which previously was not allowed to live quietly, in a few years completely stop worrying about the person.