Frequent use of too large quantities of different alcoholic beverages can have an impact on the health of the drinker, and, of course, to its General physical or mental development. Alcohol affects a person’s life and his work, and the possibility of relationships with women, or just for friendly relations with people.
Note that modern people did not consume alcoholic drinks, many times fewer than those who drink alcohol at the same time, some people do, I drink with some regularity. And all this applies not only to men but also to women and even teenagers. Today as it is awful to admit, you can find even 8-or 10-year-olds with a structured alcoholism.
Of course, you should not even think that the most commonly abuse alcohol, people born in the family of alcoholics and that the children from quite safe families where parents are in principle not setting a bad examples can never get sick of alcoholism. Agree, the Teens most of my free time trying to carry out out a full-fledged adult supervision – say somewhere on the street, in the courts, walking and having fun with peers. It’s a small children are ready unconsciously to imitate his parents. As a rule, in adolescence, in children of parental authority, losing its once great importance. When this starts to dominate credibility with peers, as well as certain group norms of “proper” “fashion” behavior in a particular adolescent company. And, unfortunately, such companies take only their strict laws, and which are most often any different educators and teachers, or even parents often can’t even suspect.
It Should be understood that between the so-called household drinking or periodic alcohol abuse and alcohol addiction there is a very significant difference.
According to doctors, alcohol abuse (or domestic drunkenness is an excessive use of alcohol, and most often it is situational, say traditional or based on not very true to their own views of the situation. While alcoholic beverages are usually consumed with a completely different frequency and, of course, in different quantities. We are talking about alcohol abuse in the form of periodic and systematic ingestion of relatively small doses of alcohol or Vice versa sporadic ingestion of fairly large quantities of alcohol. Important aspect – there is virtually no subconscious craving for alcohol, there is no search for a reason for another drink and, of course, there are no other signs of the onset of alcoholism.
Naturally, alcohol abuse or domestic drinking – cannot be called a disease. Yes and no specific drug treatment for this condition does not require it. Moreover the person at any time has the opportunity for someone’s request or on their own to cease and not to resume use of alcohol or at least greatly reduce it, while it is not experiencing any discomfort with this abstinence.
Symptoms and signs of alcoholism
Usually, the typical signs that indicate the abuse of alcohol it is possible to detect fairly quickly and more than fairly, especially if you act really carefully and just consistently. We will bring a small list of signs that prove alcohol abuse. Unfortunately, these symptoms will be able to identify only a doctor.
1. Somatic symptoms of alcoholism:
- Frequent gastritis.
- frequent injuries.
- Presence of hypertension.
- Various liver disease, the existing medical history.
- And sometimes recent and episodic seizures
2. Mental and social symptoms of alcoholism:
- Symptoms of anxiety disorders are frequent and prolonged depression.
- Frequent insomnia.
- Alcohol intoxication
- Periodic requests by the patient to prescribe certain psychotropic drugs
From the anamnesis, the doctors notice some facts which indicate possible alcohol abuse. So, for example, the patient may mention the partying, the drinking, the cases of the onset of a hangover, drinking some of their relatives may mention of driving a car or other feats while drunk. Sometimes patients talk about the memory loss, may experience a tolerance to alcohol and come clear symptoms related to alcohol withdrawal syndrome.
Diagnosis of alcoholism
It should be noted that patients suffering from alcohol abuse are often secretive. So, many doctors often have to talk to the family and friends of patients, or with knowledgeable patient and medical staff, and possibly with social workers. Quite often the most important diagnostic information, doctors are suddenly finding some discharge instructions discharge summaries or even records of patient card.
In addition, during any complete examination the doctors get the opportunity to get to talk with the patient how to burn a “heart to heart”. And even more than that, medicine is designed properly conducted interview is not only extremely important diagnostic value, but can have a considerable therapeutic effect on the patient.
In Addition, the world Health Organization has developed a relatively simple but valuable tool with which to identify people with primary signs of guaranteed availability problems directly related to alcohol. Of course, we are talking about the test for detecting alcohol, which begins to harm the body (it AUDIT test). The main instrument of such modern screening consists simply of ten simple questions to the patient.
Each item is assessed by the doctors by selecting a particular category of answer that is closest to the answer a particular patient. In General, high scores are patient responses to the first three questions with the lowest scores on the remaining questions involve the generation of hazardous alcohol consumption. But the increase in points for the answers to the questions from the fourth and sixth involve the presence of either the initial occurrence of painful and dangerous alcohol addiction. And the last too high points for answering questions from seventh and last involve alcohol abuse.
This tool also includes some additional procedures that usually includes a history of injuries, and a brief medical examination and, of course, blood.
Prevention of alcoholism
Note that a simple understanding of what alcohol is able to cause problems to a certain extent, helps some patients to avoid the development of this evil. Standard recommendations to reduce the risk of alcohol abuse and as a consequence alcohol addiction can include the following:
- The need for communication without the use of alcohol.
- Complete failure on visiting cafes, or bars.
- Of course the complete lack of alcohol in your own home.
- No doubt a departure from those situations and those people who constantly encourage the patient to drink.
- Active finding brand non-drinking friends and acquaintances.
- Should try to find leisure options and other pleasant activities that will not be associated, even indirectly, with alcohol.
- A confident rejection of any drinking, even in stressful situations.
- And of course the useful and well-established relationships with their own family or children can by far greatly reduce the risks of the beginning of alcohol abuse.
Treatment of alcoholism
Standard treatment of alcohol abuse and alcoholism, always aimed at the direct training of patients to control their disease. The vast majority of experts strongly believe that, first of all, it means the absolute rejection of all forms of alcohol, and completely and, of course, forever.
Successful treatment can definitely depend on the willingness of the patient to somehow change. But experienced doctors can help the most secure way to get out of a dangerous alcohol addiction. Unfortunately, this can sometimes require immediate hospitalization of the patient to detox or to the hospital, where doctors will carefully monitor the possible side effects. Undoubtedly, it can need a specific treatment during the onset of detoxification.
Also, sometimes certain medicines can also help the patient relieve some of the symptoms of the syndrome and as a consequence help to prevent any recurrences. However, only an experienced doctor can and should prescribe the necessary medication to reduce in a particular patient of his craving for alcohol.
Drugs for the treatment of alcoholism:
- Naltrexone (ReVia or Vivitrol) – the drug blocks a strong desire to once again drink alcoholic beverages.
- Disulfiram (or Antabuse) medication that causes extreme discomfort in the patient while receiving the smallest doses of alcohol.
- Acamprosate or Campral) dramatically reduces the patient’s cravings for alcohol.
In addition, the latest research scientists have shown that the anticonvulsant drug as a Topiramate (or Topamax), it can greatly reduce the dependence from the desire to drink alcohol.