With inflammation of the paranasal sinuses ( maxillary sinusitis, frontal sinusitis ) trifled with. But doctors know how to treat sinusitis
Until we have something that isn’t hurting, it doesn’t matter how brilliant we arranged the body. So that the air is warmed and cleansed, it must pass through several mazes inside the nose cavities, covered with suitable grease – slime.
These cavities are called the paranasal sinuses and are not only comfortable for breathing, but also to equalize the pressure between the cavity formations of the skull and atmospheric. When these sinuses get inflamed. Doctors call this sinusitis ( from lat. sinus – “sinus” ).
There are 4 pairs of sinuses: maxillary, frontal, basic ( tapered ) and lattice. Maxillary sinuses are the largest, each volume is about 30 cm3, and therefore sinusitis is one of the most common types of sinusitis. The first symptoms of this disease was described by the doctor Gaimar ( lane Redondo ) in the XVII century – hence the name.
Sinusitis is a constant runny nose in a child
Finally the maxillary sinus is formed only 7 years. In young children mainly observed ethmoiditis or sinusitis. Sometimes when extensive inflammation with older children develops polysinusitis ( inflammation of all sinuses ). In this first inflamed sinuses ethmoid bone ( ethmoiditis ), then paranasal sinuses ( sinusitis ), and then inflammation of the frontal lobe ( frontal sinusitis ) and sphenoid sinuses ( sphenoidal ).
The disadvantage of all sinuses is that, being quite extensive, they have a very small pin holes fistula ( 1-3 mm ), which sinuses open into the nasal cavity. Swelling of the mucosa anastomosis is closed, disturbed outflow of mucus from the sinuses, causing gradually becomes inflamed.
Causes and symptoms of sinusitis
The most common cause of sinusitis is fully healed before the end of the cold or carried by the feet ARI (influenza, measles). Can take place and condition that violates nasal breathing: deviated septum, chronic, allergic or vasomotor ) rhinitis. Often sinusitis provoke diseased adenoids or diseases of roots of four back of the upper teeth.
So, first, in the bosom fall pathogenic microbes and the body because of a weakened immune system, cooling or allergies may not provide the necessary resistance to infection. The swelling stops the ventilation of the sinuses. It is isolated from the nasal cavity, but it gradually secreted mucus, gradually filling your bosom. There are ideal conditions for microbial growth. The sinus begins to fill with pus, it is strongly absorbed into the blood, poisoning the entire body.
If sinusitis is not treated, the disease becomes chronic. It would seem, sinusitis retreats: headache gradually stops, turning into a feeling of heaviness, nose lays not always, but often – in the supine position. Complaints appear characteristic of chronic inflammation of the nasopharynx – sore, pain in the throat when swallowing, dryness.
Sometimes this process is asymptomatic and reveals itself only after years, when the child is already in school. Becoming chronic sinusitis often causes complications of the internal organs – heart, kidneys, liver, lungs.
Usually otolaryngologist diagnoses after x-rays. To date, the most informative method of diagnostics – computed tomography (CT) of the sinuses of the nose. As an auxiliary method sometimes used diaphanoscopy ( radiography of the sinuses using a special light source is introduced into the mouth investigated ).
TREATMENT of SINUSITIS IN a CHILD
The first thing to do is to remove swelling with fistula to the mucus could come naturally. To do this 3-4 times a day sick child drip vasoconstrictive drops ( naphazoline, sanorin, galazolin ). Drops should fall directly in the middle of the bow, so put the baby on the bed, threw back his head back. If the inflammation of the sinuses, unilateral, tilt the child’s head in a sick way.
Parallel use of anti-inflammatory ( protargol, colloid ), antibacterial and anti-allergic drugs.
If the time is wasted and inflammation of the sinuses became purulent, are prescribed antibiotics.
PUNCTURE of maxillary SINUSITIS
Puncture, or puncture, performed in severe cases. But to make it it is possible only in case of sinusitis. The rest of the sinus is not available for washing. Unfortunately, psychologically, children perceive this method of treatment is difficult, although biopsy is done under local anesthesia.
Bloodless drainage of the sinuses spend catheter “AMIC”. It consists of 2 thin tubes and 2 rubber cans. One tube is inserted into the nose of the patient and “work” cans. Expanding above and below anastomoses sinuses, they block the exits from the nose into the throat and nostril.
Rinse sinus pressure by using a vacuum device. Negative pressure helps to drain the pus, and then enter medicine.
SYMPTOMS of INFLAMMATION of the SINUSES
Sinusitis: Itself is a lingering cold is not a reason to panic, but if timely treatment, the child’s nose is stuffed longer than 7-10 days and the baby does not feel any relief, there is a risk that in the sinus inflammation. Notice these symptoms:
- long nose with purulent mucous or watery discharge;
- difficulty in nasal breathing, possible alternate congestion of the right and left half of the nose;
- dryness of the throat;
- frequent expectoration, copious mucous or Muco-purulent sputum in the morning;
- heaviness and pain in the inflamed sinuses. Sometimes pain in the teeth, eyes, cheekbones, cheeks;
- acute sensitivity of the face;
- increased body temperature ( up to 38C and above ). Usually this symptom is observed in an acute case. The chronic body temperature rarely rises or stays at low elevations ( 37-37,5 );
- malaise: the weakening of memory, fatigue, irritability. Photophobia, lacrimation, refusal to eat, sleep disorders;
- weak sense of smell or lack of it;
- swelling of the cheeks and eyelids.
All symptoms are worse when bending forward ( symptom tying shoelaces ). The pain gradually loses localization, and the child’s head starts to hurt.
To prevent transfer of the disease in the chronic stage, do not waste time. If the baby has at least a few of these symptoms, consult your doctor. Only he can properly diagnose the disease and prescribe appropriate treatment.
FOLK MEDICINE FOR the TREATMENT of SINUSITIS
1.Don’t get involved in folk medicine ( to drip in a nose juice, apply on the nose compresses ). When purulent nasal fistula swells so much that the outflow of pus becomes impossible. In order to avoid complications ( sepsis, meningitis ) treatment of sinusitis should be completely under the supervision of a physician and only in combination with traditional treatment.
2.Please refrain from heating in the home. Usually, it only leads to deterioration. Do not try yourself a nose wash. Correctly done, the washing will likely bring harm than good.
3.Well proven homeopathy. It enhances the protective properties of the organism.
4.From physiotherapy give a good effect of ultraviolet irradiation of the nasal cavity, diathermy and other However, note that when insufficient drainage of pus from the sinus thermal treatments can lead to increased headache and aggravation of the disease.
5.One of the safe options of self – inhalation. Do they have with 5-7-th day of incessant runny nose. Mix 1 tablespoon of sage leaves, chamomile and calendula. Pour a glass of boiling water, bring to the boil and immediately remove from heat.
For the procedure, you can use the inhaler. Or just pour this mixture in a porcelain kettle and making paper cone, ask your child to breathe from the nose. In the absence of allergies inhalation take menthol oil and propolis by dropping in boiling water for a couple of drops of both. A good option is to breathe over a saucepan of boiled jacket potatoes.
6.Try facial massage ebony drive ( clockwise ). Do 1 turn on the face for 1 second. The duration of the session is 10-15 minutes. At night you can put a circle on the forehead and nose.
When chronic purulent sinusitis child, you can help the steam room, especially with pine and fir broth, and at night apply on the area of sick sinus pieces of copper coin until 1961 ), securing them with plaster.
Lightly flick on the nose 2-3 minutes a large phalanx of the thumb. For the first time to do such a drain tap at least 1 time per half hour. Locate the following points: the inner corner of the eyebrow, the Central point between the eyebrows, the inner bottom part of the socket, the midpoint on the nasolabial fold. These points should be a little painful. Massage them clockwise ( 20-30 seconds on each point ).
Let the child breathe 10 times the left and right nostrils ( 4-6 seconds ), closing their thumb and forefinger. This exercise helps to improve circulation.