This is one of the few eye diseases that can be recognized even without any professional assistance. Strabismus is a condition which is characterized by the deviation of one or both eyes from a Central axis, that is, the human eye looking in one direction, as expected, but in different ways. In the end, the opinion is not to focus on the object.
Often strabismus develops in children 2-3 years of age during the formation of the friendly work of both eyes. According to medical statistics, varying degrees of strabismus suffers every 50th child.
Causes of strabismus in children
Strabismus may appear in the result:
injuries and infectious diseases of the brain;
inflammatory, vascular or neoplastic changes in the eye muscles;
incorrectly or untimely stoppage of myopia, hyperopia or astigmatism;
congenital conditions or birth injury;
increased mental and physical exertion;
non-compliance with visual stress children.
What is child strabismus
There are two forms of strabismus – friendly and paralytic. In the case of the concomitant strabismus mows the left, then the right eye, the magnitude of the deviation from the Central axis is about the same. This type of strabismus is associated most often with no eyes, is hereditary and occurs mainly in children.
Paralytic strabismus occurs due to damage to the eye muscles, or as a result of disease of the optic nerve. While mowing one (healthy) eye. When a person sees an object, it patient eye is bad or not moving, and healthy have to diverge at a greater angle.
Types of child strabismus:
– convergent (often combined with hyperopia) when one eye deviates to the nose;
– divergent (often combined with myopia) when one eye deviates to a temple;
– vertical (when the eye turns up or down).
Most likely, the first will notice the surrounding strabismus, for example, the child’s parents or peers in kindergarten or in school. Adult hint that he has something wrong with his eyes, continuously or periodically, their situation becomes unbalanced. In this case the patient begins to disturb blurry vision, dizziness and headaches. Instead of the three-dimensional image he sees is flat, notices a decrease in visual acuity in the squinting eye.
Strabismus that developed in childhood, can affect the formation of the child’s mind. In children disturbed perception of the surrounding world, may slow physical and mental development. Frequent complication of strabismus is amblyopia (“lazy eye”) – a sharp drop in vision in the squinting eye as a result of insufficient visual load on the eye muscles.
Diagnosis and treatment of strabismus in a child
The diagnosis of strabismus is established only by a medical eye specialist after a thorough examination and determine possible reasons for the development of strabismus. The doctor will test visual acuity using a special table will determine the angle of strabismus, you’ll appreciate the friendly work both eyes using special mirrors, explores the mobility of the eye in all directions. In case of detection of paralytic strabismus definitely appointed to consult a neurologist.
Treatment for strabismus should begin as early as possible, as the disease never goes away on its own. On average, it takes 2-3 years, requires careful observance of all doctor’s instructions and constant supervision.
Start the fight with strabismus correction of visual impairment: myopia or hyperopia and astigmatism. From a very early age child want to wear. Wear them continuously for a long period of time to reduce symptoms of strabismus. Another important part of treatment – specific exercises aimed at the creation of the working load on the weakened muscle groups squinting eye.
With the development of amblyopia may require the wearing of glasses, one glass of which is sealed. Worse eye is under constant load, “coaching” weakened eye muscles. This treatment is carried out for a long time and requires constant medical supervision.
Surgery is indicated in cases of paralytic strabismus, and the ineffectiveness of therapeutic treatment of the concomitant strabismus. In children it is usually performed at the age of 3-6 years. At the age of 14 surgeries are performed under General anesthesia, after 14 years under local anesthesia. The recovery takes about ten days. After the operation you need to perform special exercises to train the eye muscles and be monitored by an ophthalmologist.
– compliance with the rules of visual stress in children (not putting the toys too close to the eye, etc.);
early examination by an ophthalmologist to detect strabismus and other eye diseases;
– timely treatment of eye diseases.