Every day, on average, a person produces 700-900 ml of sweat. During physical exercise or during a hot meal secretion of sweat may increase. The process of sweating accelerates stress, anxiety and spicy dishes.
Sweating is a natural physiological process involved in thermoregulation (maintaining a constant body temperature of 36.6 °C) of the body. Perspiration cleanses the body of metabolites (free radicals) and other excess substances in the body (sodium ions, potassium, calcium chloride and urea, amino acids, vitamins, drugs) is the answer to the question why people sweat. In addition, sweat plays an important role in the formation of specific fragrance body (pheromones), which is necessary for full sexual intercourse.
Secretions from sweat glands in composition similar to urine. Sweat is composed of 98-99% water and urea, uric acid, ammonia, chlorine, potassium, magnesium, calcium and iron. The composition of sweat is different for each person, depending on hormonal factors and life activities.
There are 2 types of sweat glands:
the Ekranie small, scattered around the perimeter of the skin. Their secret is colorless and odorless. They are involved only in the process of thermoregulation of the body.
the Apocrine (perfume) – come in different sizes. Localized in the armpits and in the genital area. Their hyperactivity is necessary for the process of puberty. The secretion of these glands is a viscous liquid with a characteristic fragrance.
The process of excessive potoodelenie is called hyperhidrosis. This disease affects about 1% of the population of the planet. There are many types of hyperhidrosis depending on the localization process: underarm hyperhidrosis (sweating of the armpits), legs (feet sweat a lot), less hands, face, back, groin.
Causes excessive sweating
Why sweaty armpits, feet and palms? The reasons for this mass. First, in these areas of the body a large number of sweat glands, and secondly, provoke sweating following factors:
1. Emotions and stress. For sweating respond to stress hormones (adrenaline and cortisol).
2. Consumption of spicy dishes.
3. Hormonal changes (menopause, puberty).
5. High ambient temperature.
6. Increased humidity.
7. Physical load.
8. Chronic and acute intoxication.
9. Acute and chronic diseases.
10. Metabolic disturbances.
Disease in which sweating
The first symptoms of sweating usually appear during adolescence, and the peak of hyperactivity of the sweat glands occur between the age of 20-30 years. Also, the smell of the sweat glands is dependent on bacterial activity on the skin surface.
Excessive sweating is a certain body area, most often associated with the emotional reaction to stress. This is usually sweating of the hands, underarms, or less frequently other parts of the body (legs, back).
Sometimes sweating is a sign of any disorder in the body or evidence of severe disease. Often when such violations all sweaty body. These diseases include:
• Hormonal, endocrine disorders (hyperthyroidism, diabetes mellitus);
• Enhanced the function of the pancreas;
• Neurological disease (neuropathy);
• Viral and bacterial infections (AIDS, tuberculosis, etc.);
• Some tumors (adrenal tumor, Hodgkin’s disease);
• Alcohol poisoning;
• Kidney disease;
• Poor diet high in salt;
• Obesity, etc.
Treatment for excessive sweating
If you sweat heavily, should be aimed primarily at the elimination of the cause of excessive sweating. Must be thoroughly examined by a physician, specialist, neurologist, endocrinologist and in identifying the disease to start with his treatment.
The essence of symptomatic treatment is to block the activity of the sweat glands to reduce perspiration.
If excessive sweating is caused by the characteristics of the organism, prescribe bracing means (multivitamins, calcium supplements, phosphorus, iron, etc.), restrict your fluid intake.
If in stressful situations sweating armpits or palms will help sedatives (drugs motherwort, Valerian) inside.
On time help wiping skin 12% salicylic alcohol, camphor alcohol, 5% aqueous solution of alum, 2 to 5% alcoholic solution of zinc sulfate.
If sweating feet or armpits, the skin in these areas powder drying and disinfectant powders.
Shoes and clothing should be breathable and not wearing tight synthetic clothing.
Often patients complain of increased sweating in the summer during the 30-40 degree heat, sweating increased considered not worth it, so the body tries to avoid overheating and perspiration is a normal reaction. Sweating is usually the armpits, palms of the hands and feet, rarely on the chest and back. If there is discomfort, in such cases will help antiperspirants and some folk remedies, such as baths with a decoction of oak bark (if all sweaty body or armpit), foot baths with oak bark or alum (if feet sweat a lot). Online there are special insoles are used for athlete’s foot. Unfortunately, folk remedies only help with minor sweating.
The most effective treatment of hyperhidrosis – the introduction of botulinum toxin (Botox used in cosmetics to prevent or fix wrinkles have appeared) in places with excessive sweating. The action of drugs is a decrease in the secretion of the sweat glands.
In the case of severe underarm sweating in extreme cases, surgical treatment.
To what doctor to address if you sweat a lot
If, despite compliance with personal hygiene and use of cosmetics and folk remedies sweating with a characteristic odor persists – you can not do without the help of a professional. You can consult a dermatologist, General practitioner, surgeon or even the neurologist in the following cases:
• Significant weight loss resulting from excessive sweating.
• Rash accompanied by fever, cardiovascular disorders, exhaustion.
• The skin becomes red, flaky, itchy, or sore.
• Sweating appears suddenly, for no apparent reason.
• Excessive sweating becomes a psychological problem. Hyperhidrosis is something unpleasant and embarrassing for the person and can cause severe psychological distress. Patients begin to avoid contact and this leads to certain emotional disorders, and in the subsequent anxiety and depression.
The diagnosis of “rash” is set on the basis of history and clinical picture of the disease. Laboratory studies (blood and urine) may be necessary in cases when it is necessary to exclude systemic disturbance, resulting in stimulation of the sweat glands.