Bruise – traumatic soft tissue damage that leads to the breakdown of the local capillaries and leakage red blood cells. Hematoma on the skin can be viewed as reddish-purple, after a while it becomes blue-yellow-green, pressure sensitive color change occurs. Possible swelling or edema. When a bruise fades, the skin becomes green and brown colors, as a consequence of the metabolism of blood cells and pigment (bilirubin) in the skin. A bruise is better removed by the local application of cold immediately after an injury.
Bruise correct to call injury. Bruises usually result from damage to blood vessels in the skin. Local hemorrhages in the skin from capillaries that occur spontaneously, without damage, which appear purple discolored area are called ecchymosis.
Diseases, which can easily appear contusions and bruising
- Cirrhosis (liver disease)
- Marfan Syndrome
Causes of bruising, bruises
- Skin aging
- Disorders of the bone marrow
- Liver disease
- Platelet disorder (Thrombocytopenias)
- Medications (both prescription and nonprescription, especially aspirin, NSAIDs, prednisone)
- Von Willebrand disease
Treatment of bruising on the body
Bruising (Hematoma) – change the normal color of the skin for more of a darker brown, almost black, or blue color, which occurs as a result of a severe injury or other injuries that often causes patients to seek help from professionals surgery. Causes of bruising may be others. They can be painful and appear without any reason. In this case, the obligatory need to consult with a family doctor to not leave without attention a serious illness, a symptom which they may be.
The patient’s age — the first thing that will draw the attention of the doctor. A bruise is a sign of small subcutaneous hemorrhages, or as it is called in medicine – hematoma. In old age people hematomas appear more often — even after light injuries: blood vessels become fragile and easily damaged, leading to bleeding from the vessel.
Hematoma under the skin can occur in some diseases the blood. It happens in disorders of blood coagulation processes – for thrombocytopenia (reduced platelet count) or if you have problems with clotting factors in the blood (hemophilia, etc.).
Taking some medicines to reduce blood clotting (warfarin, heparin, aspirin) can cause bruising. The same thing can happen when taking corticosteroids: they lead to brittleness and thinning of the skin, which in combination with aging, contributes to the easy occurrence of hematomas.
To the group of patients who have bruises are pregnant women, but this is because of the problems of the venous circulation — disturbances of venous outflow of blood and blood stagnation.
In children bruising is most often the consequence of injury, which leads to the need to consult specialists in surgery and traumatology. However, in this age of a bruise can be a signal of distress of the hematopoietic system. Dear readers if you are reading this article is not on the website of the Embassy of medicine, it is taken there is incompetent. In young children may be acute thrombocytopenic purpura, which is usually provoked by an acute viral infection, or a symptom of a much more severe diseases such as leukemia.
Other circumstances of bruising can be sports or intravenous injections – injections of medications or blood sampling for subsequent analysis.
Of course, most bruises are not a manifestation of severe disease and disappear by themselves. To reduce the bruise immediately after injury and during the first days it is necessary to periodically apply to affected area ice or cold lotions to reduce swelling and bleeding. With the same purpose, use of anti-inflammatory ointments. A good result in this case and homeopathic or herbal remedies.
During these medical procedures are never necessary to expose the damaged zone of high pressure, as this will increase pain and possibly bleeding. If the bruise is on the limbs, it is recommended to keep them elevated to reduce swelling.
When necessary, get medical help? Most bruises disappear on their own or after applying these simple but necessary equipment.
Be sure to consult the surgeon if after injury
- povilasrimas large size;
- elibol and swelling does not decrease over time, and Vice versa – grow;
- in case if there is damage to the joint or bone;
- eligibity you’ll be on your head, especially if around the eyes or on the abdomen.
These hematomas may be accompanied by serious injuries or trauma, not always visible to the eye and your own analysis and evaluation of the patient by a specialist in surgery.
The family doctor should I contact if bruises appear frequently and for no apparent reason or if they do not disappear within two weeks.