Thrush (candidiasis) is an inflammatory disease caused by yeast-like fungi Candida. The disease is more common in newborns and children in the first year of life, but may occur in older age. In children, this fungus usually infects the mucous membranes of the mouth and genitals, less internal organs. The disease is manifested by the appearance on the mucous membrane, most often in the mouth, white patches, like milk curds, which can be red inflammation or bleeding erosion.
Why does thrush in a child?
The cause of yeast infection is Candida, which are present in the air, on the surface of any objects, including food, and, therefore, can be transmitted through the air, through food contact. In a limited number of them are present in the human body. Depressed immunity, hormonal changes, with a long reception of antibiotics or dysbiosis of the human body ceases to restrain their reproduction, which causes inflammation on the skin and mucous membranes. It feeds Candida sugar, produce toxins that reduce the immune properties of the body. Therefore, if the thrush is desirable to reduce the consumption of sweets, flour, fat, increasing in diet proportion of vegetables, fruit, wholegrain bread. The main cause of yeast infections in children is a strain of Candida albicans (white). From the variety known species of fungi of this genus are particularly dangerous strains of Candida lusitanlae, Candida glabrata and Candida krusei, which are resistant to certain antifungal medicines.
How the baby can get thrush?
Thrush can be transmitted to the baby from an infected mother. During birth from mothers fungus infected up to 70% of children, regardless of childbirth was carried out through the birth canal or by caesarean section.
When the defects of care the agent can get to the baby from the hands of the hospital staff or an infected mother.
Newborn thrush can infect the umbilical cord, skin. However, most often, the fungus multiplies in the oral cavity, where it can get when there is insufficient sterilization spoons, bottles, teats, etc.,
Also thrush in children may develop if disturbed microflora of an organism or reduced immunity for violations of the gastrointestinal tract, hormonal changes or when taking antibiotics.
There is an opinion that one of the causes of yeast infection in children – reducing the protective properties of saliva: dryness of mouth, created a favorable environment for the development of infection. This occurs primarily because of the dust, too dry and warm air in the room, but also because of the overheating of the child and lack of stay in the fresh air.
What is the danger of candidiasis in neonates?
The appearance of candidiasis in itself is a sign of immune system disorders – General or local. Thrush, as well as other infectious diseases can be spread on the skin and mucous membranes to other organs. Oral candidiasis inadequate treatment can turn into a chronic form, which threatens the development of allergic reactions, decreased immunity of the child. If not immediately consult a doctor, you may experience redness and inflammation on the skin in the area of the diaper. Parents of girls should eliminate the possibility of the development of candidal lesions of the vagina, which is dangerous to the Union of the vagina or labia. Inadequate treatment the infection can pass to the internal organs. In addition, against the background of candidiasis may develop sepsis (infection in the blood). In premature infants because of the weakness of the immune system of the body may result in very serious complications, including death.
How can I prevent thrush in a child?
First of all, the mother should ensure that it does not suffer from thrush itself. Usually analysis on the candidiasis is held in the first weeks of pregnancy, and in case of detection of the fungus, is the course of treatment. The mother should carefully examine the breast before feeding and detection of the symptoms of a yeast infection to go to the doctor. Another important rule of prevention is thorough sterilization of items used when feeding, and personal hygiene of the mother, if the baby is breastfed. Following these recommendations will reduce the risk of disease.
To prevent the growth of fungi of the genus Candida have a newborn baby, it is useful to include in the diet of nursing mothers yogurt containing live lactic culture. Antifungal activity have also propolis, garlic, cranberries, grapefruit, tea tree oil, walnut leaves, hot red pepper, but you need to remember is that all these products are potential allergens for a child, and be careful.
How to treat thrush?
Before starting treatment, you should seek the advice of a doctor. He will be able to assess the degree of spread of the fungus and to find the right treatment, will appoint a pediatric dose of medication. Usually it is recommended to treat a child swallows a 2% solution of soda. For this you need to wipe your mouth first in those places where the visible white spots on lips, gums, cheeks, tongue. Processing is wound on the finger gauze, pre-soaked in soda solution. Another means of dealing with oral candidiasis – vitamin complex Biovitali-gel”. Popular in the past 5% solution of borax (sodium tetraborate) in glycerol prohibited for children due to toxicity: the solution contains boric acid, which is poisonous. When treating a yeast infection is also effective nystatin drops, drugs Diflucan (liquid or tablets) and “Candide”, it comes in the form of a solution or cream. Compulsory examination and treatment must pass a nursing mother to avoid re-infection by the fungus. It is important to remember: self-treatment using strong substances can be dangerous.