Thrush, she oral pseudomembranous candidiasis is a fungal infection of the mouth, common among the people wearing dentures, children and patients with weakened immune systems. Being the most common fungal infection affecting humans, thrush is a cheesy, slightly convex and amenable to remove the coating on the tongue or inside the cheeks.
Except pseudomembranes, there are three forms of oral candidiasis:
Erythematous candidiasis, which is characterized by the presence of redness in the sky and language;
Hyperplastic chronic candidiasis, which resembles the most common of its kind, but plaque can not be removed;
Angular stomatitis – appears as red sores that grow in the corners of the mouth.
Causes of yeast infection in the mouth
Thrush in the mouth appears most often due to overgrowth of Candida albicans is a yeast that is normally present in the mouth in small quantities, because the beneficial bacteria of the human body hold it at an acceptable level. Less frequent thrush can also be caused by excessive reproduction or infection yeast Candida glabrata or Candida tropicalis, which are also present in the oral cavity.
Syndrome dry mouth, high blood pressure, high glucose levels in saliva (diabetes) and prolonged use of certain antibiotics or corticosteroids (for example, inhalers asthma) may reduce the natural content of beneficial bacteria, which otherwise would not have suffered a yeast infection. Thus, the yeast Candida multiply and trigger thrush.
Symptoms of oral thrush
The development of this fungal infection is accompanied by symptoms. Besides giving the tissues of the mouth kind of cheesy surfaces white, yellow or cream-colored thrush can also cause burning in the mouth, pain and/or sensitivity to acidic and spicy foods, unpleasant taste in the mouth and bad breath (halitosis). Scraping white ulcers with soft tissue (mucosa) of the mouth can cause bleeding and pain, exposing the red, inflamed surface.
Candida infections can cause skin irritation in babies, which is not cured ointments (fungal infections get into the skin, through the chair of the child), in addition to rashes in the mouth. The infected mother and baby can re-infect each other with thrush. In nursing mothers Candida infection can cause inflammation of the nipple, which will designate themselves by stinging sensation. Candidal infection in women can also lead to vaginal fungal diseases.
Candidiasis is not limited to only defeat of the oral cavity. If left untreated, it can spread to other parts of the body, for example, on the throat, vagina, or cover the skin. Though rarely, thrush can affect other organs of the body, but it usually occurs in people with weakened immune systems.
Your dentist can diagnose thrush during examination of the oral cavity and the removal of the affected tissues. If necessary to confirm the diagnosis of tissue samples can be studied under a microscope.
Why do I get thrush in the mouth
Several factors can increase the risk of human infection thrush or candidiasis in the mouth. Pregnant women and women taking contraceptives, as well as suffering from chronic dry mouth (caused by a systemic disease or with drugs such as antidepressants) are more likely to get candidiasis. In the risk group also includes:
Newborn/nursing mothers: As for infants and nursing mothers must be supported by proper care that they do not infect each other candidiasis. Dentists and other professionals in the field of medicine can prescribe a mild anti-fungal drugs for the treatment of infections of the oral cavity. Nursing mothers may need antifungal cream for the treatment of breast.
Diabetics: people with diabetes, weakened resistance to infection, so they are more likely to can get thrush. To prevent infectious diseases of the oral cavity, dentists may recommend medication solutions for rinsing the mouth, or more often to invite them for cleaning teeth.
People with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Proved that taking corticosteroids inhaled increases the risk of infection is thrush of the mouth. This risk can be reduced by using a nebulizer with spacer and rinsing the mouth after each inhalation.
People with dentures: Thrush often causes prosthetic stomatitis, which develops when the gums and soft tissues of the oral cavity irritated and inflamed due to wearing a denture that poorly fitted or not cleaned regularly. Such conditions are ideal for breeding yeast of the genus Candida.
Smoke: found that tobacco use can contribute to infection thrush in the mouth.
People with a weakened immune system (HIV and cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy): weakening of the immune system with chemotherapy, radiation therapy or HIV infection can dramatically change the balance of the protective means of the body, which otherwise would reflect the occurrence of thrush. The body’s ability to resist infection determines the stage of development of thrush and fungal infections in General. The HIV are susceptible to severe forms of thrush in the mouth or esophagus, as well as its distribution in the intestine. People with severe infection and/or people with weakened immune systems may require prolonged antifungal treatment.
Treatment for thrush in the mouth
Starting treatment for thrush, first of all, understand the conditions that led to the development of fungal infection. For example, if the thrush has developed by you as a result of the use of certain antibiotics, you should immediately talk to your doctor about the appointment of another drug.
If you wear dentures at night they should be removed from the mouth and thoroughly clean. The dentist can also advise you on antibacterial mouthwash that should be used as a means of disinfection of dental prostheses.
If you have diabetes, you should carefully monitor and control the level of glucose in the blood. Patients suffering from immune deficiency, you may need antifungal preparations or input in Vienna in order to constantly control the spread of candidiasis of the oral cavity.
It is also important to maintain oral hygiene, and to limit yourself to food containing sugar and yeast.
Treatment for thrush in the mouth depends on the degree of severity of the disease. Mild cases can be cured without drugs. Drinking acidic liquids, such as orange juice, and yogurt, you may restore the natural balance of bacteria, which inhibits the propagation of yeasts of the genus Candida.
The dentist will make you a treatment plan based on your specific conditions and the nature of the infection thrush. The medications used in the treatment of thrush include antifungal rinse for the mouth, medicated lozenges, creams and tablets for oral administration. In some cases, for the treatment of acute infections of the oral cavity, use a combination of tablets and medicinal candy. For the treatment of acute forms of yeast infection of the mouth it can take up to 14 days of treatment with antifungal drugs.
In some cases offers generic drugs (drugs not having patented the name) – it helps to reduce the cost of treatment prescribed by the dentist. Some of these medicines loosen without a prescription.
Medications used to treat thrush include nystatin (in the form of a cream, ointment, powder or solution for the mouth) and clotrimazole in candies. Nystatin powder or ointment can be applied to damaged mucosa and/or on the inner side thoroughly cleaned dentures, and allow it to soak in. Liquid nystatin is used for rinsing the mouth. In the treatment of candidiasis of the mouth, throat hit, swallowing drugs will be safe.