Tinnitus is a subjective sensation that can be described as hiss, hum, jingle, squeak, “buzzer”, buzzing, sometimes as a rumbling noise or rattle.
Tinnitus is not a disease – it’s a symptom of one of many more serious diseases.
In most cases, tinnitus accompanies hearing loss. Typically, the lesion of the auditory nerve suddenly appears or develops in a short time. Tinnitus is an absolute sign of pathology of one of the departments of the ear. The spectrum of diseases causing these symptoms are very broad. In some cases, tinnitus is a symptom of a vascular disease of the head and neck.
Causes of Tinnitus
The abnormal noise may occur in the presence of one or the other of deviations, it can be both objective and subjective.
Objective abnormal noise from the subjective is distinguished by the fact that he heard not only the patient but also the doctor when using a stethoscope. Phenomenon objective of noise can be seen quite rarely. It is caused by contractions of the muscles of the pharynx or Eustachian tube, changes of pressure in the tympanic cavity, pathology of the temporomandibular joint, the change of blood flow in the vessels (for example, when pathological narrowing or expansion).
Subjective abnormal noise is audible only to the patient. In this case, the noise is a sign of pathology of the internal or middle ear, but it can occur in diseases of other organs and systems. This may occur, for example, osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels, reducing pressure, hypertension, tumors, and inflammatory diseases of the brain. most Often, tinnitus is Meniere’s disease, neuritis of the auditory nerve, otosclerosis, some forms of otitis. The mechanism of occurrence of pathological tinnitus is associated with impaired the ability to conduct sound and stimulation of nerve cells in the auditory analyzer.
Symptoms of Tinnitus
The symptoms accompanying tinnitus can be the following:
- The pain inside the ear, or a sensation of pressure;
- Nausea, vomiting;
- Redness and swelling of the ears or the skin around them;
- Discharge from one or both ears;
- Malaise or lethargy.
In order to accurately establish the causes of noise, are diagnosed by audiometry. Such a study is performed using electronic equipment of the frequency spectrum and intensity of noise. Violation of the sound-conducting system is characterized by the appearance of noise low key. When the high-frequency noise spectrum, expressed by the ringing, whistling, it is possible to speak about the loss sound of the device, i.e. in the occurrence of sensorineural hearing loss.
The first occurrence of tinnitus or when you change its nature, you should immediately consult a doctor. If tinnitus originated in the treatment of some antibiotics that have ototoxic effects, or people whose work is associated with noise and vibration, this symptom may be a harbinger of the beginning of neuritis of the auditory nerve. Often one-sided noise is the first sign of the appearance of neuroma vestibulocochlear nerve. Meniere’s disease an increase in noise, increase of its tone may be a precursor to the beginning of the acute vestibular dysfunction.
Treatment of Tinnitus
Due to the fact that tinnitus is not a disease but a symptom of any disease, treatment may be assigned in accordance with the results of the medical examination. In some cases, it will be sufficient conducting short-term use of anti-inflammatory drugs, non-prescription, and in more complex cases, may require complex surgery. Along with medicinal drugs for the treatment of tinnitus widely used techniques such as reflexology, magnetic therapy, electrical stimulation. The effectiveness of the treatment largely depends on the maturity of the patient for medical care. Turning to the early development of the disease in most cases, to achieve a positive effect is sufficient to carry out a course of acupuncture in combination with other reflex methods of treatment.
If tinnitus occurs frequently, if untreated, may significantly deteriorate the patient’s quality of life. Tinnitus interferes with normal sleep, distract from work, causes anxiety and stress, and in extreme cases can cause depression. Given that tinnitus can be a symptom of conditions, potentially life-threatening, the appearance of this symptom should signal the need for screening. Otherwise, the patient could be a missed opportunity to start timely treatment of serious diseases for example cancer. In addition, in the absence of adequate treatment can occur brain damage, partial or complete hearing loss spread of infection (if the noise is caused by an infection).
Noise in the ears in children
As it turned out, the frequency of occurrence of tinnitus in children with normal hearing is the limit 6 – 36%. In children, the hearing impaired, this figure is significantly higher.
Swedish scientists headed by Kajsa-Mia Holger (University Hospital, Goteborg) estimated the prevalence of tinnitus in 7-year-old children with normal and reduced hearing. While 12% of children ringing in the ears is not related to any violations of the inner ear, and 2.5% of children the occurrence of tinnitus is due to loud noise around, such as too loud music. Thus, scientists determined that ringing in the ears in children is for the same reason as adults. Therefore, required similar prevention of data breaches.