Thrush in children is the affection of the child’s body by fungi of the genus Candida in age from birth to 18 years.
Candida is a fungus that is ubiquitous, including children. Most often it is planted in adolescence in girls and babies of both sexes, though in a different age is no exception.
What is candidiasis in children?
Candidiasis is an infection caused by yeast called Candida. Candida normally causes no harm, and is found on the skin, vaginal area, and digestive system. But in some cases, it can overgrow. This can cause a rash, itching, and other symptoms.
What causes candidiasis in a child?
Yeast normally lives on and in the body and causes no harm. It’s found on the skin, in the digestive system (including the mouth and throat), and in the genital area. But it can cause an infection in certain conditions. This can happen when the skin is damaged, when it’s warm and humid, or when a child has a weak immune system. In some very sick children, it can infect deeper tissues or the bloodstream and cause serious illness. Medicine with antibiotics or corticosteroids can also cause the yeast to overgrow. This is because those medicines kill normal bacteria that usually prevent too much yeast to grow.
Causes of candidiasis in children
The main reason for the development of thrush in infants is infection from sick mother during childbirth and in the first days of a child’s life.
During birth, the baby passing through the birth canal of the mother, collects on the skin and on the mucous membrane of the oral cavity fungi of the genus Candida. During the first days of life, he strenuously propagated, and a week later there are the first signs. In the early days – months of life your baby can get an infection thrush when bathing in the bathroom, which you have taken your family member.
- lowered immunity,
- frequent colds in babies,
- periods of teething.
Also adversely act and take antibiotics, especially the long-term.
These factors contribute to the emergence of a yeast infection at any age child.
At the age of 2 years increase the risk of thrush in the mouth frequent regurgitation of the child. They lead to an acidic environment, which is favorable for the proliferation of fungi.
In adolescence, the main factors are hormonal changes in the body (especially in girls), frequent exposure to cold and cold and all the same antibiotics.
Symptoms thrush in children
With the defeat of the oral cavity develops oral thrush.
It is manifested by the following symptoms:
- Whitish plaque in the oral cavity
- Redness of the mucous membrane in the oral cavity
- Refusal to eat
- The whims of a child
With the development of candidal vaginitis symptoms are the same as in adults:
- Vaginal discharge is white, curd-like consistency, with the smell of yeast or acid
- Genital itching
- Redness of the genital organs
In order to make a correct diagnosis in the case of yeast infections in children, it is necessary to take a smear of the discharge from the affected area (vagina or mouth). The doctor causes the contents of the discharge on a slide, dries, making a special way and examining under the microscope. The diagnosis is confirmed by the presence of colonies of fungi in the field of view.
How is candidiasis treated in a child?
Most cases of candidiasis are mild and respond well to medicine. Treatment depends on where the infection is and how severe it is. For example:
- Candidiasis on the skin is treated with medicines to put on the skin, such as creams or gels.
- Yeast infections in the vagina or anus can be treated with medicated suppositories.
- Thrush may be treated with a medicated mouthwash or lozenges.
- Severe infection or infection in a child with a weak immune system may be treated with oral anti-yeast medicines.
What are possible complications of candidiasis in a child?
In rare cases, it can cause serious and life-threatening illness. This can happen when a child has a weak immune system and the infection enters the bloodstream.
What can I do to prevent candidiasis in my child?
You can help prevent candidiasis by:
- Keeping your child’s skin as clean and dry as possible
- Changing diapers often
- Allowing your child to have diaper-free time
- Using antibiotics on your child only when needed
- Watching for candidiasis symptoms after the use of antibiotics
- Teaching your child about personal hygiene, such as how to brush their teeth and take a bath
- Talking about prevention with your child’s healthcare provider if your child has a weak immune system
When should I call my child’s healthcare provider?
Call the healthcare provider if your child has:
- Symptoms that affect a large area
- Symptoms that get worse
- Signs of a skin infection, such as increased redness, warmth, swelling, or fluid
- New symptoms
The earlier you start the treatment of thrush in children, the less painful and long it will be. At non-disease, when the lesion in the oral cavity is small, it will be enough to wipe these places with a solution of baking soda. For this purpose it is necessary to dissolve 1 teaspoon of baking soda in 1 Cup of warm boiled water, to moisten the finger on which is wound malecka, and process the mouth of the baby every 2-3 hours.
In a more advanced form of yeast infection it is recommended to apply the cream or solution containing clotrimazole – candid. It is designed for children and will help in the shortest possible time to deal with the problem.
When thrush genital adolescent treatment corresponds to that in adults: tablets and ointments with antifungal agents:
- Terzian (nystatin)
- Kenison (clotrimazole)
- Diflucan (fluconazole)
- Pimafucin (natamycin)
Prevention of disease
To prevent the development of thrush in infants, you must adhere to hygienic norms and rules:
Sterilize pacifiers and bottle nipples from:
- To monitor the health of the gastrointestinal tract
- Not to bathe in a dirty bathroom
- Promptly treat thrush during pregnancy
To prevent a yeast infection at an older age, especially teenagers, prevention rules are the same as in adults:
Using antibiotics to take for the prevention of a tablet form of the drug inside (for example, fluconazole for 7-10 days)