Since the introduction of mandatory vaccination against measles incidence of this viral disease has declined significantly. In countries where vaccinations are made with 100% coverage of the population (for example, in the United States) measles virtually eradicated and its frequency does not exceed 100 cases per year.
The children are ill with measles rarely, as they are guarded by maternal antibodies are protective proteins produced by the mother after suffering her illness or vaccination. To 9-12 months. the first year of life of maternal antibodies disappear from the blood of the kid, and he remained defenceless. That’s why the first vaccination against measles children is done at the age of 12-15 months. The vaccination is carried out in 6 years, before admission of the child in school.
The measles vaccine is made on the basis of living a weakened (attenuated) viruses measles. Immunization against measles can be monovaccines or trivalley (measles, mumps and rubella). To monovaccines include: Measles-containing vaccine (manufacturer: Munich company, Germany-Europe); Rouvax (manufacturer: Sanofi Pasteur, France. K combined vaccines include: MMR-II (manufacturer: Merck sharp Dohme, USA) and Priorix (manufacturer: Smith Klein scourge, Belgium).
Immunity, which is created in the body after vaccination, weaker, which appears to have been ill with measles, but it lacks so many years, or for life to protect the child from measles infection. The effectiveness of measles vaccine are the same, regardless of which vaccine is used. Using combined triacsin not increase the risk of post-vaccination complications, however, reduces the amount of ballast substances contained in each vaccine. In addition, instead of three injections a child gets one, so the vaccine is more easily tolerated by the child’s body.
Some children from 6 to 20 days after vaccination may be weak response in the form of increasing temperature and load and with poor rashes. They usually successfully pass within 2-3 days. However, if you experience any complications after vaccination necessarily go to the doctor. If the child has not been immunized on time or it has not been completed, you should consult with your pediatrician about the timing of vaccination. Measles can be performed at any age up to 35 years.
When planning a pregnancy, you should consult with your gynecologist about the need for vaccination. Pay attention to the fact that vaccination can be done only for a few months before conception, and not during pregnancy. This is due to the possible risk of virus contained in the vaccine, the development of the child.