Menstruation (Female period) – is the period a woman’s cycle when there is a rejection of the “old” layer of mucous membrane (endometrium) of the uterus. This process is accompanied by a discharge from the uterus the so-called menstrual fluid, in which a significant portion of the blood.
Most girls and women during menstruation have a complex of unpleasant sensations: pain in the abdomen, lower back, swelling and tenderness of Breasts, weakness and lethargy, etc. These symptoms are mainly caused by hormonal changes in the body and are often normal.
When are menstruating girls?
First menstruation (menarche) young girls starting at the age of 11-14 years. This process suggests that the girl has entered puberty. Sometimes periods come a little later (at 15-16 years). This delay is a normal phenomenon which should not get worry and worry. The next menstruation after the first usually doesn’t happen in the next month, and 2-3. Why is this happening? The fact that hormonal balance of the body girls stabilizes approximately within a year after menarche. When periods become regular, set cycle time from the previous to the next bleeding), which is equal to approximately 28 days (±7 days). Themselves period can last from 2 to 7 days. Don’t worry if one month going a little longer than usual. For any questions you can consult a gynecologist. He will tell you why the girls period can start on time.
Menstruation accompany the woman throughout life and end only during the so-called menopause – at the age from 40 to 55 years. This is due to the fading of reproductive function: the hormonal changes and the cessation of production of eggs by the ovaries.
Why not having your period?
Period no of girls not only before puberty and after menopause. They can temporarily be stopped and in healthy women of reproductive age. First, the absence of menstruation may be the first sign of pregnancy. During this period, from a fertilized egg in the uterus of the girl developing baby, and the new eggs are not formed. Secondly, menstruation may not start for several months after birth during breastfeeding. Both of these processes are related to the fact that the body triggers mechanisms that prevent repeated pregnancy for some time.
In addition, periods in girls may stop or become irregular due to different health problems (diseases of the uterus, ovaries, disorders in the adrenal glands, thyroid gland, etc.), but also severe stresses, sharp loss of body weight (more than a quarter in relation to the age norm), serious physical exertion, etc. If the established monthly cycle stopped, the girl is advised to consult a gynecologist.